/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_rayburn_seated_2005_016_043.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this objectThe longest serving Speaker in House History, Sam Rayburn of Texas presided over 10 Congresses as Speaker.
Democrats maintained control of Congress and also the White House after President Franklin Roosevelt’s unprecedented election to a third term in 1940. The European war consumed Congress’s attention. The Lend–Lease Act allowed the U.S. to provide supplies to Great Britain, while the peacetime draft was extended by one vote in the House. But after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the 77th Congress (1941–1943) declared war on the Axis Powers. Legislation quickly followed to mobilize the country, generate greater revenues, and impose price controls.
The House of Representatives voted to give final approval to the Lend-Lease Act—authorizing the President to sell, lease, or lend military hardware to any country he designated as vital to American national …