Congress Profiles

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1st Congress (1789–1791)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 65 Representatives

Party Divisions:*

  • 37 Pro-Administration
  • 28 Anti-Administration

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_muhlenberg_2005_16_1-1.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania was elected the first Speaker of the House on April 1, 1789.

Congress Overview

The 1st Congress (1789–1791) finished what the Founders started: filling out the U.S. Constitution’s skeletal framework by addressing concerns raised during ratification and by creating the federal architecture—a revenue system, the first executive departments, and the judiciary. Congress also assumed state Revolutionary War debts and decided the location of the future capital. Under the leadership of Representative James Madison of Virginia, this Congress authored the constitutional amendments which eventually became the Bill of Rights. Amid this activity Congress moved from New York to Philadelphia in 1790.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 1st Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Frederick A.C. Muhlenberg, Pennsylvania
Clerk of the House:
John Beckley
Sergeant at Arms:
Joseph Wheaton
Chaplain of the House:
William Linn – Presbyterian
Gifford Dalley

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section