/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_byrns_2005_016_041.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this objectSpeaker Joseph Byrns of Tennessee died three quarters of the way through his one term as Speaker.
Democrats’ large congressional majorities grew after the 1934 elections in a potent endorsement of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s “New Deal.” The 74th Congress (1935–1937) addressed the long-term social safety-net as the Great Depression persisted. The Supreme Court found many of FDR’s programs unconstitutional, but congressional Democrats continued passing reform legislation. Congress encouraged collective bargaining, created Social Security, regulated public utilities, and provided for rural electrification. Congress also passed the Neutrality Act, which prohibited arms exportation during wartime, in response to charges that weapons manufacturers were responsible for World War I.
First introduced in the late 1890s, this Visitor’s Gallery Pass design remained in use until the mid-20th century. The pass pictures a female personification of Liberty—identifiable by her “liberty cap,” …
On January 3, 1936, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave the first State of the Union address delivered in the evening. Designed to reach the largest possible radio audience and modeled after his famous …
Ohio resident A.E. Bosley wrote this letter to Representative Dow Harter of Ohio on March 5, 1935, regarding the proposed social security legislation in the House. Mr. Bosley endorsed an “Old Age Pension …
During the second session of the 74th Congress (1935–1937), President Franklin D. Roosevelt held the first nighttime Annual Message.
1Died in office June 4, 1936.
2Elected Speaker on June 4, 1936, filling the vacancy caused by the death of Speaker Joseph Byrns. Records indicate that Representative John J. O’Connor of New York, chairman of the House Rules Committee, served as acting Majority Leader during the 14 remaining days of the 74th Congress. O’Connor does not, however, appear to have been formally elected Majority Leader at that time and, therefore, is not included in this list. At the commencement of the 75th Congress, Representatives Samuel (Sam) Rayburn, James O’Connor, John Rankin, and others competed for the post of Majority Leader. Representative Rayburn ultimately was elected by the Democratic Caucus.