*Party division totals are based on election day results.
/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_blaine_2005_16_27_1.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this objectJames Blaine of Maine served three terms as Speaker of the House. He later served as Secretary of State under three different Presidents.
The 43rd Congress (1873–1875) confronted a weak U.S. economy and widespread government corruption. When the railroad bubble burst in 1873, Western farmers lashed out against wealthy financiers and their attempt to corner the gold market. Public disillusionment deepened as a series of scandals came to light. Sensitive to the outcry, Congress repealed parts of the generous pay raise from the 42nd Congress (1871–1873) and investigated executive-branch corruption. As a result, the Treasury Secretary and the Postmaster General resigned.
Thousands of settlers flowed into the Oregon Territory between 1840 and 1860, drawn by the opportunity for low-cost and agriculturally promising land. Oregon achieved statehood in 1859, and as the number …