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43rd Congress (1873–1875)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 292 Representatives
  • 10 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 88 Democrats
  • 199 Republicans
  • 4 Liberal Republicans
  • 1 Independent Democrat

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

James Gillespie Blaine/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_blaine_2005_16_27_1.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
James Blaine of Maine served three terms as Speaker of the House.  He later served as Secretary of State under three different Presidents.

Congress Overview

The 43rd Congress (1873–1875) confronted a weak U.S. economy and widespread government corruption. When the railroad bubble burst in 1873, Western farmers lashed out against wealthy financiers and their attempt to corner the gold market. Public disillusionment deepened as a series of scandals came to light. Sensitive to the outcry, Congress repealed parts of the generous pay raise from the 42nd Congress (1871–1873) and investigated executive-branch corruption. As a result, the Treasury Secretary and the Postmaster General resigned.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 43rd Congress [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
James G. Blaine (R–Maine)
Clerk of the House:
Edward McPherson
Sergeant at Arms:
Nathaniel G. Ordway
Chaplain of the House:
John George Butler – Presbyterian
Otis S. Buxton
Henry Sherwood
Clerk at the Speaker's Table:
John M. Barclay
Republican Conference Chairman:
Horace Maynard (R–Tennessee)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
William E. Niblack (D–Indiana)

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section