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42nd Congress (1871–1873)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 243 Representatives
  • 10 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 104 Democrats
  • 136 Republicans
  • 2 Liberal Republicans
  • 1 Independent Republican

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

James Gillespie Blaine/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_blaine_2005_16_27_1.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
James Blaine of Maine served three terms as Speaker of the House.  He later served as Secretary of State under three different Presidents.

Congress Overview

The 42nd Congress (1871–1873) began with President Ulysses S. Grant’s request for additional power to combat domestic terrorism against freedmen at the polls. Congress responded with the Third Ku Klux Klan Act and a joint committee to investigate conditions in Southern states. After a failed attempt to establish a provisional civil-service program, Congress began investigating bribes in the form of Crédit Mobilier stock given to various Members of Congress to ensure the passage of the Pacific Railroad Act. Congress also passed legislation that doubled the salaries of federal officials and Members of Congress.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 42nd Congress [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
James G. Blaine (R–Maine)
Clerk of the House:
Edward McPherson
Sergeant at Arms:
Nathaniel G. Ordway
Chaplain of the House:
John George Butler – Presbyterian
Otis S. Buxton
William S. King
Clerk at the Speaker's Table:
John M. Barclay
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
N/A 1
Republican Conference Chairman:
Austin Blair (R–Michigan)

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section


1Representative Fernando Wood of New York nominated the Democratic leadership slate in the House, but there is no other evidence to show he was elected caucus chairman.