House Members Who Received Electoral Votes for President

Historical Highlight

Thirty-eight former Members of the House have received at least one Electoral College vote for President. Nineteen Representatives have served as President. Ten former House Members have received Electoral College votes for both President and Vice President in separate elections.

Only John Quincy Adams of Massachusetts (1824) served as a Representative after completing his presidency. Both Henry Clay of Kentucky (1824) and James A. Garfield of Ohio (1880) received Electoral College votes for the presidency as sitting House Members. Garfield was the only successful sitting Representative to become President.

The following chart identifies individuals who have received at least one electoral vote for President. Also included are dates of House service and the party affiliation under which they received electoral votes. Candidates who were successful in their election for President are identified in bold. Those who served as Speaker of the House are identified in italics.*

Note: Presidential campaigns where no former House Member received electoral votes are marked N/A.

Election YearIndividual (House Service)StateParty Votes Received
2008John S. McCain III (1983–1987)ArizonaRepublican173
2000Albert Gore, Jr. (1977–1985)TennesseeDemocrat266
1996Robert J. “Bob” Dole (1961–1969)KansasRepublican159
1992George H.W. Bush (1967–1971)TexasRepublican168
1988George H.W. Bush (1967–1971)TexasRepublican426
1988Lloyd M. Bentsen (1948–1955)TexasDemocrat1
1976Gerald R. Ford (1949–1973)1MichiganRepublican240
1972Richard M. Nixon (1947–1950)CaliforniaRepublican520
1972George S. McGovern (1957–1961)South DakotaDemocrat17
1968Richard M. Nixon (1947–1950)CaliforniaRepublican301
1964Lyndon B. Johnson (1937–1949)TexasDemocrat486
1960John F. Kennedy (1947–1953)MassachusettsDemocrat303
1960Richard M. Nixon (1947–1950)CaliforniaRepublican219
1956N/A- - -
1928N/A-- -
1924John W. Davis (1911–1913)West VirginiaDemocrat136
1924Robert M. La Follette (1885–1891)WisconsinProgressive13
1920James M. Cox (1909–1913)OhioDemocrat127
1916N/A- - -
1912N/A- - -
1908William Jennings Bryan (1891–1895)NebraskaDemocrat162
1904N/A- - -
1900William McKinley (1877–1883, 1885–1891)OhioRepublican292
1900William Jennings Bryan (1891–1895)NebraskaDemocrat155
1896William McKinley (1877–1883, 1885–1891)OhioRepublican271
1896William Jennings Bryan (1891–1895)NebraskaDemocrat176
1892James B. Weaver (1879–1881, 1885–1889)IowaPopulist22
1888N/A- - -
1884James G. Blaine (1863–1876)MaineRepublican182
1880James A. Garfield (1863–1880)  OhioRepublican214
1876Rutherford B. Hayes (1866–1867) OhioRepublican185
1872Thomas A. Hendricks (1851–1855)IndianaDemocrat42
1872Horace Greeley (1848–1849)2New YorkDemocrat/
Liberal Republican
1868N/A- - -
1864Abraham Lincoln (1847–1849)IllinoisNational Union212
1860Abraham Lincoln (1847–1849)IllinoisRepublican180
1860John C. Breckinridge (1851–1855)KentuckySouthern Democrat72
1860John Bell (1827–1841)TennesseeWhig39
1860Stephen A. Douglas (1843–1847)IllinoisNorthern Democrat12
1856James Buchanan (1821–1831)PennsylvaniaDemocrat174
1856Millard Fillmore (1833–1835, 1837–1843)  New YorkAmerican/
1852Franklin Pierce (1833–1837)New HampshireDemocrat254
1848N/A- - -
1844James K. Polk (1825–1839)TennesseeDemocrat170
1844Henry Clay (1811–1814, 1815–1821, 1823–1825)KentuckyJeffersonian Republican105
1840William Henry Harrison (1816–1819) OhioWhig234
1836William Henry Harrison (1816–1819)OhioWhig73
1836Daniel Webster (1813–1817, 1823–1827)MassachusettsWhig14
1836Willie Person Mangum (1823–1826)North CarolinaWhig11
1832Andrew Jackson (1796–1797)TennesseeDemocrat219
1832Henry Clay (1811–1814, 1815–1821, 1823–1825)KentuckyJeffersonian Republican49
1828Andrew Jackson (1796–1797)TennesseeDemocrat178
1828John Quincy Adams (1831–1848)MassachusettsNational Republican83
1824Andrew Jackson (1796–1797)3TennesseeDemocratic-Republican99
1824John Quincy Adams (1831–1848)3  MassachusettsDemocratic-Republican84
1824Henry Clay (1811–1814, 1815–1821, 1823–1825)3KentuckyDemocratic-Republican37
1820John Quincy Adams (1831-1848)MassachusettsDemocratic-Republican1
1816N/A- - -
1812James Madison (1789–1797) VirginiaDemocratic-Republican128
1808James Madison (1789–1797)VirginiaDemocratic-Republican122
1804N/A- - -
1800N/A- - -
1796Thomas Pinckney (1797–1801)South CarolinaFederalist59
1792N/A- - -
1788N/A- - -


*Source: Guide to U.S. Elections, 6th ed., vol. 1 (Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press, 2010): 835–891.

1Succeeded Spiro Agnew after his resignation as Vice President on December 6, 1973. Succeeded Richard M. Nixon after his resignation as President on August 9, 1974. Was never elected by the Electoral College to either position.

2Received three electoral votes, but they were disqualified.

3No candidate received the majority of the Electoral College votes. The election was decided in the House of Representatives in favor of Adams.