Historical Highlight

Presidents, Vice Presidents, & Coinciding Sessions of Congress

/tiles/non-collection/i/im_inst_pres-vp-coinc_2003_010_001.xml George Washington bust, Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
From 1789 until 1933, the terms of President and Vice President and the term of the Congress coincided, beginning on March 4 and ending on March 3. This changed when the 20th amendment to the Constitution was adopted in 1933. Beginning in 1934, the convening date for Congress became January 3 (unless Congress by law appoints a different day), and beginning in 1937 the starting date for the Presidential term became January 20. Because of this change, the number of Congresses overlapping with a Presidential term increased from two to three, although the third only overlaps by a few weeks.

Places where the President and Congress meet:

 Presidents & VPs / Sessions of Congress

No. President Vice President Years of Service Congresses
1.
George Washington John Adams Apr. 30, 1789-Mar. 3, 1797 1,2,3,4
2.
John Adams Thomas Jefferson Mar. 4, 1797-Mar. 3, 1801 5, 6
3.
Thomas Jefferson Aaron Burr Mar. 4, 1801-Mar. 3, 1805 7, 8
  Thomas Jefferson George Clinton Mar. 4, 1805-Mar. 3, 1809 9, 10
4.
James Madison George Clinton1   Mar. 4, 1809-Mar. 3, 1813 11, 12
  James Madison Elbridge Gerry2   Mar. 4, 1813-Mar. 3, 1817 13, 14
5.
James Monroe Daniel D. Thompkins Mar. 4, 1817-Mar. 3, 1825 15, 16, 17, 18
6.
John Quincy Adams John C. Calhoun Mar. 4, 1825-Mar. 3, 1829 19, 20
7.
Andrew Jackson John C. Calhoun3   Mar. 4, 1829-Mar. 3, 1833 21, 22
  Andrew Jackson Martin Van Buren Mar. 4, 1833-Mar. 3, 1837 23, 24
8.
Martin Van Buren Richard M. Johnson Mar. 4, 1837-Mar. 3, 1841 25, 26
9.
William Henry Harrison4   John Tyler Mar. 4, 1841-Apr. 4, 1841 27
10.
John Tyler ............ Apr. 6, 1841-Mar. 3, 1845 27, 28
11.
James K. Polk George M. Dallas Mar. 4, 1845-Mar. 3, 1849 29, 30
12.
Zachary Taylor4   Millard Fillmore Mar. 5, 1849-July 9, 1850 31
13.
Millard Fillmore ............ July 10, 1850-Mar. 3, 1853 31, 32
14.
Franklin Pierce William R. King5   Mar. 4, 1853-Mar. 3, 1857 33, 34
15.
James Buchanan John C. Breckenridge Mar. 4, 1857-Mar. 3, 1861 35, 36
16.
Abraham Lincoln Hannibal Hamlin Mar. 4, 1861-Mar. 3, 1864 37, 38
  Abraham Lincoln 4   Andrew Johnson Mar. 4, 1864--Apr. 15, 1865 39
17.
Andrew Johnson ............ Apr. 15, 1865-Mar. 3, 1869 39, 40
18.
Ulysses S. Grant Schuyler Colfax Mar. 4, 1869-Mar. 3, 1873 41, 42
  Ulysses S. Grant Henry Wilson6   Mar. 4, 1873-Mar. 3, 1877 43, 44
19.
Rutherford B. Hayes William A. Wheeler Mar. 4, 1877-Mar. 3, 1881 45, 46
20.
James A. Garfield4   Chester A. Arthur Mar. 4, 1881-Sept. 19, 1881 47
21.
Chester A. Arthur ............ Sept. 20, 1881-Mar. 3, 1885 47, 48
22.
Grover Cleveland Thomas A. Hendricks7   Mar. 4, 1885-Mar. 3, 1889 49, 50
23.
Benjamin Harrison Levi P. Morton Mar. 4, 1889-Mar. 3, 1893 51, 52
24.
Grover Cleveland Adlai E. Stevenson Mar. 4, 1893-Mar. 3, 1897 53, 54
25.
William McKinley Garret A. Hobart8   Mar. 4, 1897-Mar. 3, 1901 55, 56
  William McKinley4   Theodore Roosevelt Mar. 4, 1901-Sept. 14, 1901 57
26.
Theodore Roosevelt ............ Sept. 14, 1901-Mar. 3, 1905 57, 58
  Theodore Roosevelt Charles W. Fairbanks Mar. 4, 1905-Mar. 3, 1909 59,60
27.
William H. Taft James S. Sherman9   Mar. 4, 1909-Mar. 3, 1913 61,62
28.
Woodrow Wilson Thomas R. Marshall Mar. 4, 1913-Mar. 3, 1921 63, 64, 65, 66
29.
Warren G. Harding4   Calvin Coolidge Mar. 4, 1921-Aug. 2, 1923 67
30.
Calvin Coolidge ............ Aug. 3, 1923-Mar. 3, 1925 68
  Calvin Coolidge Charles G. Dawes Mar. 4, 1925-Mar. 3, 1929 69, 70
31.
Herbert C. Hoover Charles Curtis Mar. 4, 1929-Mar. 3, 1933 71, 72
32.
Franklin D. Roosevelt John N. Garner Mar. 4, 1933-Jan. 20, 1941 73, 74, 75, 76, 77
  Franklin D. Roosevelt Henry A. Wallace Jan. 20, 1941-Jan. 20, 1945 77, 78, 79
  Franklin D. Roosevelt 4   Harry S. Truman Jan. 20, 1945-Apr. 12, 1945 79
33.
Harry S. Truman ............ Apr. 12, 1945-Jan. 20, 1949 79, 80, 81
  Harry S. Truman Alben W. Barkley Jan. 20, 1949-Jan. 20, 1953 81, 82, 83
34.
Dwight D. Eisenhower Richard M. Nixon Jan. 20, 1953-Jan. 20, 1961 83, 84, 85, 86, 87
35.
John F. Kennedy4   Lyndon B. Johnson Jan. 20, 1961-Nov. 22, 1963 87, 88, 89
36.
Lyndon B. Johnson ............ Nov. 22, 1963-Jan. 20, 1965 88, 89
  Lyndon B. Johnson Hubert H. Humphrey Jan. 20, 1965-Jan. 20, 1969 89, 90, 91
37.
Richard M. Nixon Spiro T. Agnew10   Jan. 20, 1969-Dec. 6, 1973 91, 92, 93
  Richard M. Nixon 12   Gerald R. Ford11   Dec. 6, 1973-Aug. 9, 1974 93
38.
Gerald R. Ford ............ Aug. 9, 1974-Dec. 19, 1974 93
  Gerald R. Ford Nelson A. Rockefeller 13   Dec. 19, 1974-Jan. 20, 1977 93, 94, 95
39.
James Earl Carter Walter F. Mondale Jan. 20, 1977-Jan. 20, 1981 95, 96, 97
40.
Ronald Reagan George Bush Jan. 20, 1981-Jan. 20, 1989 97, 98, 99, 100, 101
41.
George Bush Dan Quayle Jan. 20, 1989-Jan. 20, 1993 101, 102, 103,
42.
William J. Clinton Albert Gore Jan. 20, 1993-Jan. 20, 2001 103, 104, 105, 106, 107
43.
George W. Bush Dick Cheney Jan. 20, 2001-Jan. 20, 2009 107, 108, 109, 110, 111
44.
Barack H. Obama Joseph R. Biden, Jr. Jan. 20, 2009-present 111, 112, 113

Footnotes

1Died Apr. 20, 1812

2Died Nov. 23, 1814

3Resigned Dec. 28, 1832, to become United States Senator

4Died in office

5Died Apr. 18, 1853

6Died Nov. 22, 1875

7Died Nov. 25, 1885

8Died Nov. 21, 1899

9Died Oct. 30, 1912

10Resigned Oct. 10, 1973

11First Vice President nominated by the President and confirmed by the Congress pursuant to the 25th amendment to the Constitution; took the oath of office on Dec. 6, 1973 in the Hall of the House of Representatives

12Resigned from office

13Nominated to be Vice President by President Gerald R. Ford on Aug. 20, 1974; confirmed by the Senate on Dec. 10, 1974; confirmed by the House and took the oath of office on Dec. 19, 1974 in the Senate Chamber