Fast Facts

Future President Gerald Ford of Michigan served as Minority Leader from the 89th to 93rd Congresses (1965–1973).

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Minority Leaders of the House (1899 to present)

Champ Clark/tiles/non-collection/i/im_people_minleader_2005_016_036.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
Minority Leader Champ Clark later served as House Speaker.
The House of Representatives, with its large membership, has chosen majority and minority leaders since the 19th century to expedite legislative business and to keep their parties united. These leaders are elected every two years in secret balloting of the party caucus or conference. A list of House minority leaders from 1899 to present are available below.

The minority leader serves as floor leader of the "loyal opposition," and is the minority counterpart to the Speaker. Although many of the basic leadership responsibilities of the minority and majority leaders are similar, the minority leader speaks for minority party and its policies and works to protect the minority's rights. Information on the current activities of the minority leader is available from the The Office of the Minority Leader's web site.

Congress and Years Name PartyState or Territory
56th (1899–1901) RICHARDSON, James Daniel Democrat TN
57th (1901–1903) RICHARDSON, James Daniel Democrat TN
58th (1903–1905) WILLIAMS, John Sharp Democrat MS
59th (1905–1907) WILLIAMS, John Sharp Democrat MS
60th (1907–1909) WILLIAMS, John Sharp 1 Democrat MS
60th (1907–1909) CLARK, James Beauchamp (Champ) 2 Democrat MO
61st (1909–1911) CLARK, James Beauchamp (Champ) Democrat MO
62nd (1911–1913) MANN, James Robert Republican IL
63rd (1913–1915) MANN, James Robert Republican IL
64th (1915–1917) MANN, James Robert Republican IL
65th (1917–1919) MANN, James Robert Republican IL
66th (1919–1921) CLARK, James Beauchamp (Champ) Democrat MO
67th (1921–1923) KITCHIN, Claude Democrat NC
68th (1923–1925) GARRETT, Finis James Democrat TN
69th (1925–1927) GARRETT, Finis James Democrat TN
70th (1927–1929) GARRETT, Finis James Democrat TN
71st (1929–1931) GARNER, John Nance Democrat TX
72nd (1931–1933) SNELL, Bertrand Hollis Republican NY
73rd (1933–1935) SNELL, Bertrand Hollis Republican NY
74th (1935–1937) SNELL, Bertrand Hollis Republican NY
75th (1937–1939) SNELL, Bertrand Hollis Republican NY
76th (1939–1941) MARTIN, Joseph William, Jr. Republican MA
77th (1941–1943) MARTIN, Joseph William, Jr. Republican MA
78th (1943–1945) MARTIN, Joseph William, Jr. Republican MA
79th (1945–1947) MARTIN, Joseph William, Jr. Republican MA
80th (1947–1949) RAYBURN, Samuel Taliaferro Democrat TX
81st (1949–1951) MARTIN, Joseph William, Jr. Republican MA
82nd (1951–1953) MARTIN, Joseph William, Jr. Republican MA
83rd (1953–1955) RAYBURN, Samuel Taliaferro Democrat TX
84th (1955–1957) MARTIN, Joseph William, Jr. Republican MA
85th (1957–1959) MARTIN, Joseph William, Jr. Republican MA
86th (1959–1961) HALLECK, Charles Abraham Republican IN
87th (1961–1963) HALLECK, Charles Abraham Republican IN
88th (1963–1965) HALLECK, Charles Abraham Republican IN
89th (1965–1967) FORD, Gerald Rudolph, Jr. Republican MI
90th (1967–1969) FORD, Gerald Rudolph, Jr. Republican MI
91st (1969–1971) FORD, Gerald Rudolph, Jr. Republican MI
92nd (1971–1973) FORD, Gerald Rudolph, Jr. Republican MI
93rd (1973–1975) FORD, Gerald Rudolph, Jr. 3 Republican MI
93rd (1973–1975) RHODES, John Jacob 4 Republican AZ
94th (1975–1977) RHODES, John Jacob Republican AZ
95th (1977–1979) RHODES, John Jacob Republican AZ
96th (1979–1981) RHODES, John Jacob Republican AZ
97th (1981–1983) MICHEL, Robert Henry Republican IL
98th (1983–1985) MICHEL, Robert Henry Republican IL
99th (1985–1987) MICHEL, Robert Henry Republican IL
100th (1987–1989) MICHEL, Robert Henry Republican IL
101st (1989–1991) MICHEL, Robert Henry Republican IL
102nd (1991–1993) MICHEL, Robert Henry Republican IL
103rd (1993–1995) MICHEL, Robert Henry Republican IL
104th (1995–1997) GEPHARDT, Richard Andrew Democrat MO
105th (1997–1999) GEPHARDT, Richard Andrew Democrat MO
106th (1999–2001) GEPHARDT, Richard Andrew Democrat MO
107th (2001–2003) GEPHARDT, Richard Andrew Democrat MO
108th (2003–2005) PELOSI, Nancy Democrat CA
109th (2005–2007) PELOSI, Nancy Democrat CA
110th (2007–2009) BOEHNER, John Andrew Republican OH
111th (2009–2011) BOEHNER, John Andrew Republican OH
112th (2011–2013) PELOSI, Nancy Democrat CA
113th (2013–2015) PELOSI, Nancy Democrat CA

Footnotes

1Resigned position of Minority Leader on June 13, 1908.

2Elected Minority Leader by the Democratic Caucus on December 5, 1908.

3Resigned from the House of Representatives on December 6, 1973, after having been confirmed by the Senate to become Vice President to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Vice President Spiro Agnew.

4Elected Minority Leader by the Republican Conference on December 7, 1973.