House Members Who Served as President

Since 1789, 19 Members of the House have served as President of the United States. Four Members — John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson, and Gerald Ford — were never elected to the Presidency, having succeeded a President who died or resigned. Only Gerald Ford was never successfully elected as either President or Vice President, though he served in both positions. 

Floor plaques in National Statuary Hall note the location of desks while serving in the House of Representatives for the following Presidents: John Quincy Adams, John Tyler, James K. Polk, Millard Fillmore, Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan, Abraham Lincoln, and Andrew Johnson. Unlike the modern theater-style seating in today's House Chamber, Members in the Old Hall of the House worked from an assigned desk on the Floor.

Presidential ServiceIndividual (House Service) State Party
Jan. 20, 1989 – Jan. 20, 1993George H. W. Bush (1967–1971)TexasRepublican
Aug. 9, 1974 – Jan. 20, 1977Gerald Ford (1949–1973)MichiganRepublican
Jan. 20, 1969 – Aug. 9, 1974Richard M. Nixon (1947–1950)CaliforniaRepublican
Nov. 22, 1963 – Jan. 20, 1969Lyndon B. Johnson (1937–1949)TexasDemocrat
Jan. 20, 1961 – Nov. 22, 1963John F. Kennedy (1947–1953)MassachusettsDemocrat
Mar. 4, 1897 – Sep. 14, 1901William McKinley (1877–1883, 1885–1891)OhioRepublican
Mar. 4, 1881 – Sep. 19, 1881James A. Garfield (1863–1880)OhioRepublican
Mar. 4, 1877 – Mar. 4, 1881Rutherford B. Hayes (1866–1867)OhioRepublican
Apr. 15, 1865 – Mar. 4, 1869Andrew Johnson (1843–1853)TennesseeRepublican
Mar. 4, 1861 – Apr. 15, 1865Abraham Lincoln (1847–1849)IllinoisNational Union/Republican
Mar. 4, 1857 – Mar. 4, 1861James Buchanan (1821–1831)PennsylvaniaDemocrat
Mar. 4, 1853 – Mar. 4, 1857Franklin Pierce (1833–1837)New HampshireDemocrat
Jul. 9, 1850 – Mar. 4, 1853Millard Fillmore (1833–1835, 1837–1843)New YorkWhig
Mar. 4, 1845 – Mar. 4, 1849James K. Polk (1825–1839)TennesseeDemocrat
Apr. 4, 1841 – Mar. 4, 1845John Tyler (1816–1821)VirginiaWhig
Mar. 4, 1841 – Apr. 4, 1841William Henry Harrison (1816–1819)OhioWhig
Mar. 4, 1829 – Mar. 4, 1837Andrew Jackson (1796–1797)TennesseeDemocrat
Mar. 4, 1825 – Mar. 4, 1829John Quincy Adams (1831–1848)MassachusettsNational Republican
Mar. 4, 1809 – Mar. 4, 1817James Madison (1789–1797)VirginiaDemocratic-Republican