Watergate

Testifying on the Pardoning of President Richard M. Nixon/tiles/non-collection/o/oh_evnt_watergate_judiciary_ford_lc.xml Image courtesy of the Library of Congress On October 17, 1974, President Gerald Ford testified before the House Judiciary subcommittee on the pardoning of former President Richard M. Nixon.
The House of Representatives took a leading role in the impeachment investigation of President Richard M. Nixon during the Watergate Scandal in the 1970s. Interviewees recall the highly-publicized Judiciary Committee hearings and reflect on the era’s lasting effects on American government. From press coverage of the committee hearings to the advent of televised House proceedings in 1979, first-hand accounts of the period provide an important resource for understanding the impact of Watergate.

Video

Changes During the 94th Congress

Representative Dellums describes the impact of the Watergate scandal on Congress.

The Honorable Ronald V. Dellums, U.S. Representative of California
Interview recorded April 19, 2012 Deed of Gift

The Nixon Impeachment Hearings

Background on the decision to hold the Nixon impeachment hearings in the House Judiciary Committee Room in 1974.

Benjamin C. West, Superintendent, Daily Press Gallery, U.S. House of Representatives
Interview recorded May 23, 2007 Deed of Gift
Transcript (PDF)

Audio

Logistical Arrangements

Overview of the media coverage during the House hearings on Watergate.

Tina Tate, Director, Radio-TV Gallery, U.S. House of Representatives
Interview recorded July 1, 2008 Deed of Gift
Transcript (PDF)

Effect of Watergate on Press Coverage

Reflections on changes to committee press coverage following the Watergate hearings.

Tina Tate, Director, Radio-TV Gallery, U.S. House of Representatives
Interview recorded July 12, 2007 Deed of Gift
Transcript (PDF)

Preparing for the Media Attention

Discussion of the necessary preparations for press coverage of the Judiciary Committee hearings.

Mike Michaelson, Director, Radio-TV Gallery, U.S. House of Representatives
Interview recorded June 30, 2009 Deed of Gift
Transcript (PDF)

Upheaval of the Seniority System

Discussion of the Watergate Babies and committee assignments.

Donnald K. Anderson, Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives
Interview recorded April 12, 2006 Deed of Gift
Transcript (PDF)

Role in History

Reflections on the significant role of the House Judiciary Committee during the Watergate Era.

Donnald K. Anderson, Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives
Interview recorded May 31, 2006 Deed of Gift
Transcript (PDF)

Images & Artifacts

The House Judiciary Committee
<em>The House Judiciary Committee</em>/tiles/non-collection/o/oh_evnt_watergate_cmteWA.xml
The Members and Staff of the House Committee on the Judiciary.
Image courtesy of the U.S. House of Representatives Photography Office
Barbara Jordan
<em>Barbara Jordan</em>/tiles/non-collection/o/oh_evnt_watergate_jordan.xml
Barbara Jordan of Texas sat on the House Judiciary Committee as a freshman during the Watergate hearings.
Image courtesy of the U.S. House of Representatives Photography Office
Press Coverage
<em>Press Coverage</em>/tiles/non-collection/o/oh_evnt_watergate_press.xml
Given the high-profile nature of the hearings, a section of the committee room was designated for the press, and included multiple television cameras for the live gavel-to-gavel coverage. In front of the police officer near the rear door stands Mike Michaelson, the former Director of the House Radio-TV Gallery.
Image courtesy of the U.S. House of Representatives Photography Office
Live Coverage
<em>Live Coverage</em>/tiles/non-collection/o/oh_evnt_watergate_camera.xml
The committee room was set up to allow live gavel to gavel coverage with multiple camera angles. The camera in this photograph is trained on the dais.
Image courtesy of the U.S. House of Representatives Photography Office
Benjamin C. West
<em>Benjamin C. West</em>/tiles/non-collection/o/oh_evnt_watergate_west.xml
House Daily Press Gallery Superintendent Benjamin C. West, far right, looks on during the proceedings.
Image courtesy of the U.S. House of Representatives Photography Office
President Ford Testifies
<em>President Ford Testifies</em>/tiles/non-collection/o/oh_evnt_watergate_judiciary_ford_lc.xml
On October 17, 1974, President Gerald Ford testified before the House Judiciary subcommittee on the pardoning of former President Richard M. Nixon.
Image courtesy of the Library of Congress