VAN CORTLANDT, Philip

1749–1831

Biography

VAN CORTLANDT, Philip, (brother of Pierre Van Cortlandt, Jr.), a Representative from New York; born in New York City August 21, 1749; pursued classical studies; attended Coldenham Academy; engaged as a civil engineer; member of the Provincial Congress in 1775; during the Revolutionary War served as lieutenant colonel and was mustered out of the service with the rank of brigadier general for gallant conduct at the siege of Yorktown under General Lafayette; delegate to the State ratification convention in 1788; served as supervisor of the town of Cortland, and as school commissioner and road master; member of the State assembly 1788-1790; served in the State senate 1791-1793; elected to the Third Congress and reelected as a Republican to the seven succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1793-March 3, 1809); engaged in agricultural pursuits; was a charter member of the Society of the Cincinnati; died at Van Cortlandt Manor, Croton on Hudson, Westchester County, N.Y., on November 21, 1831; interment in Hillside Cemetery, Peekskill, N.Y.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1779, 1 item. A letter from Philip Van Cortlandt to General Edward Hand written on May 23, 1779. In the letter, Van Cortlandt writes that he is forwarding a letter from General Sullivan by express with guards.

New Jersey Historical Society

Newark, NJ
Papers: In the Revolutionary War Military Records, 1776-1783, 8 volumes. Other authors include Philip Van Cortlandt.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: In the Van Cortlandt Family Papers, 1688-1846, 0.8 linear foot. The collection includes legal papers related to Philip Van Cortlandt, letters from him, and an inventory of his estate.

New York Public Library

New York, NY
Papers: In the Van Cortlandt-Van Wyck Family Papers, 1667-1912, 3 linear feet. There is a significant amount of correspondence between Pierre Van Cortlandt and his son Philip.

Southern Methodist University
Bridwell Library

Dallas, TX
Papers: 1783, 1 sheet. A quasi-discharge given in June of 1783 to Willm. Hunth private, who had served in the Second New York Regiment during the Revolution. The document states that Hunth's release is to be considered a furlough until a peace treaty between the United States and Great Britain is signed. The document is signed by PresidentWashington, and countersigned by Colonel John Trumbull and Colonel Philip Van Cortlandt.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Van Cortlandt, Pierre [et al.]. Correspondence of the Van Cortlandt Family of Cortlandt Manor, 1748-1800. Compiled and edited by Jacob Judd. Tarrytown, NY: Sleepy Hollow Restorations, 1977.

------. Correspondence of the Van Cortlandt Family of Cortlandt Manor, 1800-1814. Compiled and edited by Jacob Judd. Tarrytown, N.Y.: Sleepy Hollow Restorations, 1978.

------. Correspondence of the Van Cortlandt Family of Cortlandt Manor, 1814-1848. Compiled and edited by Jacob Judd. (Van Cortlandt Family Papers, Vol. 4.) Tarrytown, N.Y.: Sleepy Hollow Restorations, 1981.

------. The Revolutionary War Memoir and Selected Correspondence of Philip Van Cortlandt. Compiled and edited by Jacob Judd. Tarrytown, N.Y.: Sleepy Hollow Restorations, 1976.

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