SUTHERLAND, George, a Representative and a Senator from Utah; born in Buckinghamshire, England, March 25, 1862; immigrated to the United States in 1863 with his parents, and settled in Springville, Utah County, Utah; received a common-school education; miner; studied law at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor; admitted to the bar in 1883 and commenced practice in Provo, Utah; unsuccessful candidate for mayor of Provo in 1890; unsuccessful candidate for Territorial representative in Congress in 1892; member, State senate 1897-1901; elected as a Republican to the Fifty-seventh Congress (March 4, 1901-March 3, 1903); declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1902; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1904; reelected in 1910 and served from March 4, 1905, to March 3, 1917; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; chairman, Committee on Cuban Relations (Sixty-first Congress), Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds (Sixty-second Congress), Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Justice (Sixty-third and Sixty-fourth Congresses); president of the American Bar Association 1916-1917; appointed by President Warren Harding in September 1922 an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States; entered upon the duties of that office in October 1922 and served until his retirement on January 18, 1938; died in Stockbridge, Mass., July 18, 1942; interment in the Abbey Mausoleum, Arlington, Va.; remains subsequently moved to Cedar Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1850-1944. 5 linear feet. Correspondence, diaries, speeches, remarks, biographical material, clippings, notes and memoranda, manuscript and printed legal briefs, and printed Supreme Court opinions. Correspondence (1902-1941) relates to the 1920 campaign, his affiliation with the American Bar Association (1916-1917), Utah politics, his appointment to Supreme Court (1922), the court packing fight (1937), and general matters relating to the Senate Judiciary Committee. Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Henry Moore Bates papers, 1886-1950. Finding aid.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Arkes, Hadley. The Return of George Sutherland: Restoring a Jurisprudence of Natural Rights. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.

Mason, Alpheus Thomas. "The Conservative World of Mr. Justice Sutherland, 1883-1910." American Political Science Review 32 (June 1938): 443-77.

Paschal, Joel Francis. Mr. Justice Sutherland, a Man Against the State. 1951. Reprint. New York: Greenwood Press, 1969.

Sutherland, George. Constitutional Power and World Affairs. 1919. Reprint. New York: Johnson Reprint Corp., 1970.

U.S. Supreme Court. Proceedings of the Bar and Officers of the Supreme Court of the United States in Memory of George Sutherland, December 18, 1944. Washington: 1944.

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