MATHEWS, George

1739–1812

Biography

MATHEWS, George, a Representative from Georgia; born in Augusta County, Va., August 30, 1739; commanded a volunteer company against the Indians in 1757 and in the Battle of Point Pleasant October 10, 1774; colonel of the Ninth Virginia Regiment in the Revolutionary War; was exchanged in December 1781 and joined General Greene's army as colonel of the Third Virginia Regiment; engaged in farming in Oglethorpe County, Ga., in 1785; Governor of Georgia in 1787 and 1793-1796; elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the First Congress (March 4, 1789-March 3, 1791); brigadier general in the expedition for the capture of West Florida in 1811; died in Augusta, Ga., August 30, 1812; interment in St. Paul's Churchyard.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Duke University
Special Collections Department, William R. Perkins Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1786-1794, 22 items. The papers of George Mathews include a bond for trustees of an estate, giving some information on the administration of confiscated estates; appointment of Philip Milledge as tax collector for Chatham and Richland counties, Ga.; land grants; letter, 1794, from James Gunn, U.S. Senator from Georgia, concerning the danger of a war with Great Britain; bill for the hire of a slave; and a copy of a dissent by Gov. Mathews to an act of the Georgia legislature for disposing of unappropriated territory of that state, 1794.

Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library

Williamsburg, VA
Microfilm: 1771-1775, 1 volume. A daybook, 1771-1775, for the Greenbriar general store, owned and operated by George and Sampson Mathews, of Augusta County, Virginia. Records purchase accounts and payments for sales of liquor, tobacco, hides, dry goods, hardware, and weapons and ammunition. The daybook also contains notes that the Mathews brothers operated stores at Staunton and Calf Pasture.

Georgia Department of Archives and History

Atlanta, GA
Papers: In the Georgia Governor's Office Executive Department, ca. 1789-1794, approximately 4 pages. The papers include proclamations of Governor George Mathews.
Papers: In the Georgia Governor's Office Executive Department, 1794-1795, 1 oversize folder. The Governor's subject files contain correspondence of Governor George Mathews.

Georgia Historical Society

Savannah, GA
Papers: 1787, 1 item. The collection consists of a letter, March 22, 1787, signed by John Houstoun, John Habersham, and Lachlan McIntosh and sent to Governor George Mathews. The letter advises Governor Mathews of their plans for communication, the appointment of their secretary (Dr. Sharpe), and the need for expense money.
Papers: In the Thomas Dawson Land Grants, 1795, 94 items. These grants were probably for land involved in the "pine barren fraud," a scandal in which Georgia's public domain was recklessly given away under the administration of Governor Mathews.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1793, 1 item. Land grant of George Mathews, 1793.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: May 28, 1781; September 26, 1794. 2 letters. Official correspondence. Finding aid in repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Kruse, Paul. "Secret Agent in East Florida: General George Mathews and the Patriot War." Journal of Southern History 18 (May 1952): 193-217.

Cusick, James G. The Other War of 1812: The Patriot War and the American Invasion of Spanish East Florida. Foreword by John David Smith. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2003.

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