GLASS, Carter

1858–1946

Biography

GLASS, Carter, a Representative and a Senator from Virginia; born in Lynchburg, Campbell County, Va., January 4, 1858; attended private and public schools; newspaper reporter, editor and owner; member, State senate 1899-1903, when he resigned; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1901; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Peter J. Otey; reelected to the Fifty-eighth and to the eight succeeding Congresses and served from November 4, 1902, until December 16, 1918, when he resigned to accept a cabinet position; chairman, Committee on Banking and Currency (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses); member of the Democratic National Committee 1916-1928; appointed Secretary of the Treasury by President Woodrow Wilson and served from 1918 to 1920 when he resigned, having been appointed a Senator; appointed as a Democrat to the United States Senate on November 18, 1919, and subsequently elected on November 3, 1920, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Thomas S. Martin in the term ending March 3, 1925, but did not qualify until February 2, 1920, preferring to retain his Cabinet portfolio; reelected in 1924, 1930, 1936, and again in 1942, and served from February 2, 1920, until his death on May 28, 1946; served as President pro tempore during the Seventy-seventh and Seventy-eighth Congresses; chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Interior Department (Sixty-sixth Congress), Committee on Appropriations (Seventy-third through Seventy-ninth Congresses); declined an appointment as Secretary of the Treasury in the Cabinet of President Franklin D. Roosevelt; died in Washington, D.C., May 28, 1946; interment in Spring Hill Cemetery, Lynchburg, Va.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Columbia University
Oral History Project

New York, NY
Oral History: Discussed in interview with Walter Wyatt.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Henry Parker Willis papers, 1863-1937; and William R. Shepherd papers, [ca. 1867]-1936.

Duke University
Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1 reel of microfilm in the United States Senators' papers, 1779-1946. Concern his relationship with Bishop James Cannon.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library

Atlanta, GA
Papers: In Costen Jordan Harrell papers, 1828-1970; and Warren A. Candler papers, 1846-1977.

Federal Reserve Bank of New York Archives

New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in George L. Harrison papers, [ca. 1926-1940]. Originals at Columbia University.

Johns Hopkins University
Milton S. Eisenhower Library

Baltimore, MD
Papers: In Jacob Harry Hollander papers, 1895-1940.

Knox College
Seymour Library

Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (February 6, 1924) in Seymour autograph collection, 1750-1945. New-York Historical Society New York, NY
Papers: February 27, 1919; August 19, 1941. 2 letters.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library

Hyde Park, NY
Papers: In Henry Morgenthau papers, 1866-1953 (bulk 1933-1953); and R. Walton Moore papers, 1922-1941.

Scott E. Webber Collection

Stony Point, NY
Oral History: Mentioned in a James A. Farley interview.

Smithsonian Institution
Archives of American Art

Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Burt Brown Barker papers, 1935-1938, on 1 microfilm reel.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Wayne Bidwell Wheeler papers, 1918-1926; Orla Benedict Taylor papers, 1831-1943; and notes of conferences between Glass and U.S. Supreme Court Justice Frank Murphy in Eugene Gressman papers, 1935-1967. Finding aid.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 1821-1946 (bulk 1909-1946). 125 feet. Professional and personal papers, including correspondence, speeches, notes and memoranda, documents, printed matter, and clippings. Particular focus is on banking and currency legislation. Subjects include the Federal Reserve Bank act, Federal Farm Land Bank act, World Wars I and II, the League of Nations, Democratic party platforms and policies, the presidential elections of 1920, 1924, and 1928; controversies regarding Senator Huey P. Long; Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal; the Supreme Court controversy (1937); neutrality legislation; and the issue of poll tax elimination (1942). Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Paul Brandon Barringer papers, 1828-1963; Thomas Walker Page papers, 1906-1937; Robert H. Angell papers, 1896-1981; Walter S. Copeland papers, 1907-1954 (bulk 1907-1928); D. Q. Eggleston papers, 1882-1903; John Skelton Williams papers, 1884-1926; Homer Stille1 Cummings papers, 1886-1956; and other collections.

University of Virginia
School of Law Archives

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Armistead Schultz Vandiver papers, 1910-1965.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections and photographs.

Virginia State Library and Archives

Richmond, VA
Papers: In John Mclaren McBryde papers, 1893-1933; and Andrew Jackson Montague papers, 1854-1938.

Western Reserve Historical Society

Cleveland, OH
Papers: Correspondence in Robert Johns Bulkley papers, 1886-1967. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence in Edward Mandell House papers, 1885-1938; Albert Galloway Keller papers, 1888-1956; Russell Cornell Leffingwell papers, 1883-1979; and Paul Moritz Warburg papers, 1904-1932.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Glass, Carter. An Adventure in Constructive Finance. 1927. Reprint. New York: Arno Press, 1975.

Goolrick, Chester B. "Carter Glass, Wilson's Apostle." Master's thesis, University of Virginia, 1950.

Hall, Alvin L. "Politics and Patronage: Virginia's Senators and the Roosevelt Purges of 1938." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 82 (July 1974): 331-50.

Heinemann, Ronald L. Depression and New Deal in Virginia: The Enduring Dominion. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983.

Koeniger, A. Cash. "Carter Glass and the National Recovery Administration." South Atlantic Quarterly 74 (Summer 1975): 349-64.

___. "The Politics of Independence: Carter Glass and the Elections of 1936." South Atlantic Quarterly 80 (Winter 1981): 95-106.

___. " 'Unreconstructed Rebel': The Political Thought and Senate Career of Carter Glass, 1929-1936." Ph.D. dissertation, Vanderbilt University, 1980.

Lyle, John Douglas. "The United States Senate Career of Carter Glass, 1920-1933." Ph.D. dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1974.

Moger, Allen W. Virginia: Bourbonism to Byrd, 1870-1925. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1968.

Palmer, James Edward, Jr. Carter Glass, Unreconstructed Rebel. Roanoke: Institute of American Biography, 1938.

Patterson, Michael S. "The Fall of a Bishop: James Cannon, Jr., Versus Carter Glass, 1909-1934." Journal of Southern History 39 (November 1973): 493-518.

Poindexter, Harry Edward. "From Copy Desk to Congress: The Pre-Congressional Career of Carter Glass." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Virginia, 1966.

Smith, Rixey, and Norman Beasley. Carter Glass: A Biography. 1939. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1972.

Syrett, John. "Jim Farley and Carter Glass: Allies Against a Third Term." Prologue 15 (Summer 1983): 89-102.

U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives and Senate of the United States: Together with Remarks Presented in Eulogy of Carter Glass, Late a Senator from Virginia. 80th Cong., 1st sess., 1947. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1949.

Wilson, Harold. "The Role of Carter Glass in the Disfranchisement of the Virginia Negro." Historian 32 (November 1969): 69-82.

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