CLARK, Abraham

1726–1794

Biography

CLARK, Abraham, a Delegate and a Representative from New Jersey; born near Elizabethtown (now Elizabeth), N.J., February 15, 1726; attended private schools; studied law but never practiced; sheriff of Essex County; member of the New Jersey provincial congress from May 23, 1775, to June 22, 1776, and was appointed assistant secretary October 9, 1775; Member of the Continental Congress 1776-1778, 1780-1783 and 1786-1788; a signer of the Declaration of Independence; delegate to the State conventions of 1786 and 1787; member of the State general assembly in 1776 and 1783-1785; member of the legislative council in 1778; elected as a Pro-Administration candidate to the Second and Third Congresses and served from March 4, 1791, until his death in Rahway, N.J., on September 15, 1794; interment in Rahway Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

The Copley Press
J.S. Copley Library

La Jolla, CA
Papers: n.d., 4 pages. This signed manuscript is an extract of a law dated June 3, 1757 being "a supplementary act to the act entitled an act for better settling and regulating the militia."
Papers: 1764, 3 pages. An original New Jersey legislative act captioned "An act to enable the owners and possessors of certain salt meadows and marshes lying in the townships of Woodbridge and Piscaraway to make and keep open the necessary drains, build and repair bridges and gates for uses herein mentioned." On the verso of the fourth blank pages is an autograph document signed by Abraham Clark, as a junior clerk of the New Jersey legislature.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1777, 1 item. A letter from Abraham Clark to Reverend James Caldwell referring to the action of Congress on his behalf dated March 7, 1777.
Papers: 1790, 1 item. A letter from Abraham Clark to Honorable Jonathan Dayton dated November 15, 1790.

The Rosenbach Museum & Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1778, 2 pages. A letter from Abraham Clark to John Hart, Speaker of the New Jersey Assembly, dated June 1, 1778. In the letter, Abraham Clark asks John Hart to expedite the release of money due to his son's militia company.
Papers: 1791, 1 item. A detailed statement of the expenses incurred by Abraham Clark as commissioner to settle New Jersey's accounts with the federal government. The statement also includes a record of cash advances made to Abraham Clark, and a final receipt for payment of the balance due.
Papers: 1791, 1 item. A letter from Abraham Clark to Thomas Lowry, dated October 31, 1791. The letter concerns payments to be made for the recruiting of a New Jersey brigade in continental services in 1778.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bogin, Ruth. Abraham Clark and the Quest for Equality in the Revolutionary Era, 1774-1794. Rutherford, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickenson University Press, 1982.

------. "New Jersey's True Policy: The Radical Republican Vision of Abraham Clark." William and Mary Quarterly 3rd ser., 35 (January 1978): 100-109.

Hart, Ann Clark, ed. Abraham Clark. San Francisco: The Pioneer Press, 1923.

Toal, Brian P. Clark, New Jersey. Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia Publishing, 2003.

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