CAMPBELL, George Washington

1769–1848

Biography

CAMPBELL, George Washington, a Representative and a Senator from Tennessee; born in the parish of Tongue, Sutherlandshire, Scotland, February 9, 1769; immigrated with his parents to North Carolina in 1772; taught school; graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1794; studied law while teaching; admitted to the bar in North Carolina and commenced practice in Knoxville, Tenn.; elected as a Democratic Republican to the Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Congresses (March 4, 1803-March 3, 1809); chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Tenth Congress); one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in January 1804 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against John Pickering, judge of the United States District Court for New Hampshire, and in December of the same year against Samuel Chase, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States; judge of the State supreme court of errors and appeals 1809-1811; elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Jenkin Whiteside and served from October 8, 1811, to February 11, 1814, when he resigned; appointed Secretary of the Treasury in the Cabinet of President Madison and served from February to October 1814, when he resigned because of ill health; again elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate and served from October 10, 1815, until his resignation, effective April 20, 1818; chairman, Committee on Finance (Fifteenth Congress); Minister to Russia 1818-1821; member of the French Spoliation Claims Commission in 1831; died in Nashville, Tenn., February 17, 1848; interment in the City Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Filson Club Historical Society

Louisville, KY
Papers: Items (1799-1835) in the Brown-Ewell family papers.

Knox County Public Library
McClung Historical Collection

Knoxville, TN
Papers: Correspondence in William Ballard Lenoir papers, 1798-1882. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1793-1886. Ca. 1 foot. In part photocopies. Correspondence, diaries, reports, drafts, and letterbook relating chiefly to his service as U.S. senator, secretary of the treasury, and minister to Russia.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Henry Mason Morfit papers, 1819-1859.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1808-1820. 14 items.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1818. 1 item.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: March 16, 1814. 1 letter. Nathaniel Macon to Alexander James Dallas concerning Campbell's appointment as secretary of the treasury.

Tennessee Historical Society

Nashville, TN
Papers: Miscellaneous letters in various collections.

Tennessee State Library and Archives

Nashville, TN
Papers: 1793-1833. Ca. 125 items. Chiefly photocopies. Correspondence relating to the purchase of East Florida, diplomatic relations with Great Britain, conditions in France, and treaties with European countries. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: In Campbell Brown and Richard Stoddert Ewell papers, 1852-1883. Includes Campbell estate papers. Finding aid.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Jordan, Weymouth T. George Washington Campbell of Tennessee, Western Statesman. Tallahassee: Florida State University, 1955.

___. "The Private Interests and Activities of George Washington Campbell." East Tennessee History Society's Publications 13 (1941): 47-65.

___. "The Public Career of George Washington Campbell." East Tennessee Historical Society's Publications 10 (1938): 3-18.

___, ed. "Diary of George Washington Campbell, American Minister to Russia, 1818-1820." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 7 (June 1948): 152-70; (September 1948): 259-80.

___, ed. "Excerpts from the Diary of a Tennessean at the Court of the Tsar, 1818-1820." East Tennessee Historical Society's Publications 15 (1943): 104-9.

___, ed. "George W. Campbell's Journal of the French Spoliations Claims Commission, 1832-1835." East Tennessee Historical Society's Publications 19 (1947): 98-109.

McKellar, Kenneth. "George Washington Campbell," in Tennessee Senators as seen by one of their Successors. Kingsport, Tenn.: Southern Publishers, Inc., 1942, 129-134.

Ratner, Lorman A. "George Washington Campbell: Jackson's Man in the East." In Andrew Jackson and His Tennessee Lieutenants: A Study in Political Culture, pp. 49-55. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997.

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Committee Assignments

  • House Committee - Ways and Means - Chair
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