BONHAM, Milledge Luke

BONHAM, Milledge Luke
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1813–1890

Biography

BONHAM, Milledge Luke, a Representative from South Carolina; born near Red Bank (now Saluda), Edgefield District, S.C., December 25, 1813; attended private schools in Edgefield District and at Abbeville, S.C.; was graduated from South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) at Columbia in 1834; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Edgefield in 1837; served as major and adjutant general of the South Carolina Brigade in the Seminole War in Florida in 1836; during the Mexican War was lieutenant colonel and colonel of the Twelfth Regiment, United States Infantry; major general of the South Carolina Militia; member of the State house of representatives 1840-1843; solicitor of the southern circuit of South Carolina 1848-1857; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses and served from March 4, 1857, until his retirement on December 21, 1860; appointed major general and commander of the Army of South Carolina by Gov. F. W. Pickens in February 1861; appointed brigadier general in the Confederate Army April 19, 1861; resigned his commission January 27, 1862, to enter the Confederate Congress; elected Governor of South Carolina in December 1862 and served until December 1864; appointed brigadier general of Cavalry in the Confederate Army in February 1865; again a member of the State house of representatives 1865-1866; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1868; member of the South Carolina taxpayers' convention in 1871 and 1874; resumed the practice of law in Edgefield, engaged in planting, and also conducted an insurance business in Edgefield, S.C., and Atlanta, Ga., 1865-1878; appointed State railroad commissioner in 1878 and served until his death at White Sulphur Springs, N.C., August 27, 1890; interment in Elmwood Cemetery, Columbia, S.C.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Duke University
Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1861-1864, 10 items. The papers of Milledge L. Bonham contain letters from William Johnston, president of the Charlotte and South Carolina Railroad, concerning the shipment of cotton to Wilmington, N.C., to be run through the Union blockade; receipts for expenditures from the contingent fund; a note on balloon experiments conducted for the Union Army; letters discussing army regulations, the first battle of Manassas, and the site of a projected military prison; and a petition from citizens of the Marlborough District objecting to an Executive Council order to obstruct the Pee Dee River and calling all white males into active military service.
Papers: In the F.W. Pickens Papers, ca. 1772-1868, 446 items. Correspondents include M.L. Bonham.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the G. T. Beauregard Papers, ca. 1844-1883, 5.6 linear feet. Correspondents include Milledge L. Bonham. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Francis W. Pickens-Milledge L. Bonham Papers, ca. 1837-1920, 400 items. Correspondence, reports, resolutions, military papers, applications for office, petitions, administrative papers, memoranda, and newspaper clippings (1837-1866 and 1917-1920) relating primarily to the governorships of Francis Pickens and of Milledge L. Bonham and to the Civil War. The collection is also available on microfilm.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1861, 1 letter. Typed copy of an original letter from P. G. T. Beauregard at Fairfax Court House, Va., to Judah P. Benjamin, Acting Secretary of War, C.S.A., concerning field defenses and the rank of Brig. General M. L. Bonham.
Papers: In the Evander McIvor Law Papers, 1860-1864, 479 items. Correspondents include Milledge L. Bonham. An unpublished description is available in the repository.

University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library

Columbia, SC
Papers: 1771-1940, approximately 4,402 items. In part copies of letters and papers in private hands and institutions. Correspondence, legal and business papers, genealogical information, and other papers. Includes a biography by his grandson. Unpublished calendar in library; also described in The University South Caroliniana Society Program, 1965.
Microfilm: In the Francis W. Pickens-Milledge L. Bonham Papers, ca. 1837-1920, 2 microfilm reels. The original papers are available at the Library of Congress.
Papers: In the Benjamin Franklin Arthur Papers, 1834-1942, 30 items. Subjects include Milledge Luke Bonham.
Papers: In the Maxcy Gregg Papers, 1835-1888, 39 items and 2 volumes. Subjects include Milledge Luke Bonham.
Paper: In the Robert E. Lee Papers, ca. 1845-1985, 24 items. Correspondents include Milledge Luke Bonham.
Papers: In the J. L. Orr Papers, ca. 1850-1900, 28 items and 1 volume. Subjects include Milledge Luke Bonham.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bonham, Milledge L. Addresses delivered by Gen. M.L. Bonham, Adjutant and Ins.-General, and the Hon. J.J. Hemphill, M.C., of Chester, S.C. at the annual commencement of the South Carolina Military Academy [microform]: Held at Hibernian Hall, in Charleston, S.C., July 3d, 1889. Charleston: Walker, Evans & Cogswell, 1889.

------. Speech of the Hon. Milledge L. Bonham of South Carolina, in the House of Representatives of the U.S., May 9, 1858, on the Kansas conference committee bill. Washington: H. Polkinhorn's Steam Job Press, [1858?]

------. Speech of Hon. Milledge L. Bonham, of South Carolina, on the election of speaker. Delivered in the House of Representatives, December 16, 1859. N.p., Printed by Lemuel Towers, [1859?]

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