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9th Congress (1805–1807)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 142 Representatives
  • 3 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 28 Federalists
  • 114 Jeffersonian Republicans

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Nathaniel Macon/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_macon_2005_16_5-1.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
As a close ally of President Thomas Jefferson, Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina relied on the President’s support to win election as Speaker of House in the 7th Congress.

Congress Overview

The 9th Congress (1805–1807), made up overwhelmingly of Democratic Republicans, demonstrated its independence when caustic Virginia Representative John Randolph successfully delayed a secret appropriation to buy West Florida. British attacks on U.S. shipping during its war with France led Congress to pass legislation prohibiting the importation of British goods, with the assumption that the resulting economic loss would force Britain to back off. The 9th Congress also followed up on a constitutional provision (Art. I, sec. 9) and passed legislation to prohibit the importation of slaves beginning in 1808.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 1st Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Nathaniel Macon (D–North Carolina)
Clerk of the House:
John Beckley
Sergeant at Arms:
Joseph Wheaton
Chaplain of the House:
James Laurie – Presbyterian
Robert Elliot – Presbyterian
Thomas Claxton

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section