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82nd Congress (1951–1953)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 435 Representatives
  • 2 Delegates
  • 1 Resident Commissioner

Party Divisions:*

  • 235 Democrats
  • 199 Republicans
  • 1 Independent

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

  • Election Statistics, 1950 [PDF]
Samuel Taliaferro Rayburn/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_rayburn_gavel_2005_101_000.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
The longest serving Speaker in House History, Sam Rayburn of Texas presided over 10 Congresses as Speaker.

Congress Overview

The Korean War shaped much of the activity of the 82nd Congress (1951–1953). American-led forces successfully rolled back North Korean troops to near the Chinese border in late 1950, prompting China’s devastating counterattack. When General Douglas MacArthur undermined President Harry Truman’s negotiations to end the conflict by publicly contradicting U.S. policy, Truman fired him. The General nevertheless returned to a hero’s welcome—even addressing a Joint Session of Congress—before a series of House and Senate hearings on Korean policy discredited him. Congress also passed a GI Bill for Korean veterans and the restrictive McCarran–Walter immigration act.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 82nd Congress [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Sam Rayburn (D–Texas)
Majority Leader:
John W. McCormack (D–Massachusetts)
Minority Leader:
Joseph W. Martin, Jr. (R–Massachusetts)
Democratic Whip:
J. Percy Priest (D–Tennessee)
Republican Whip:
Leslie C. Arends (R–Illinois)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
Jere Cooper (D–Tennessee)
Republican Conference Chairman:
Clifford R. Hope (R–Kansas)
Clerk of the House:
Ralph R. Roberts
Sergeant at Arms:
Joseph H. Callahan 1
Chaplain of the House:
Bernard Braskamp – Presbyterian
William M. Miller 2
Finis E. Scott
Lewis Deschler

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section


1Reelected January, 3, 1951

2Reelected January 3, 1951