*Party division totals are based on election day results.
Democratic Republican majorities controlled the 7th Congress (1801–1803) and approved the treaty with France that ended the undeclared naval war. The Judiciary Act of 1801 and the Naturalization Act (part of the Alien and Sedition Acts) were repealed. When news arrived that France had acquired the Louisiana Territory, Congress authorized $2 million with which the President could purchase New Orleans. President Thomas Jefferson also began a new precedent of submitting the Annual Message to Congress in writing rather than delivering it in person.
To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section