*Party division totals are based on election day results.
Republicans increased their House majority and maintained their Senate majority after the 1922 election. The 68th Congress (1923–1925) reorganized the Veterans’ Bureau and established the Foreign Service. It passed the Federal Corrupt Practices Act, which set campaign finance law for almost 50 years. Congress overrode President Calvin Coolidge’s veto of veterans’ compensation. It also revised the immigration quota system to favor those of western European origin and completely exclude Japanese immigrants.
To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section