*Party division totals are based on election day results.
/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_bell_2005_16_12_1.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this objectRepresentative John Bell of Tennessee served one term as Speaker of the House. He briefly served as Secretary of War under President William Henry Harrison.
The 1832 election produced divided rule in the 23rd Congress (1833–1835). Whigs controlled the Senate, and Democrats controlled the House. President Andrew Jackson and the House Democrats treated his re-election as a mandate in favor of their party platform. When Jackson dispersed federal investments to “pet banks” in the states, rather than depositing them in the Second Bank of the United States, Congress demanded evidence justifying his decision. Jackson refused and argued that Congress was interfering with presidential prerogatives. The Senate then censured the President.
William Goodacre, a printmaker active in New York during the 1830s, made this complex image. Though the old House Chamber is the focus of the print, allegorical and historical imagery surrounds this most …