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23rd Congress (1833–1835)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 240 Representatives
  • 3 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 63 Anti-Jacksons
  • 143 Jacksons
  • 25 Anti-Masonics
  • 9 Nullifiers

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

John Bell/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_bell_2005_16_12_1.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
Representative John Bell of Tennessee served one term as Speaker of the House. He briefly served as Secretary of War under President William Henry Harrison.

Congress Overview

The 1832 election produced divided rule in the 23rd Congress (1833–1835). Whigs controlled the Senate, and Democrats controlled the House. President Andrew Jackson and the House Democrats treated his re-election as a mandate in favor of their party platform. When Jackson dispersed federal investments to “pet banks” in the states, rather than depositing them in the Second Bank of the United States, Congress demanded evidence justifying his decision. Jackson refused and argued that Congress was interfering with presidential prerogatives. The Senate then censured the President.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 23rd Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
John Bell (D–Tennessee)
Clerk of the House:
Walter S. Franklin
Sergeant at Arms:
John O. Dunn
Thomas B. Randolph 1
Chaplain of the House:
Edward Dunlap Smith – Presbyterian
Thomas H. Stockton – Methodist
William Hammett – Methodist
Overton Carr
William J. McCormick 2

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section


1Elected Dec. 3, 1833

2See, contingency report H. Misc. Doc. 28 from the 24th Congress, 1st sess.