BALDWIN, Henry, a Representative from Pennsylvania; born in New Haven, Conn., January 14, 1780; was graduated from Hopkins Grammar School in 1793 and from Yale College in 1797; studied law; was admitted to the Philadelphia bar in 1798 and commenced practice in Pittsburgh, Pa., in 1801; moved to Meadville, Crawford County, Pa.; elected as a Republican to the Fifteenth, Sixteenth, and Seventeenth Congresses and served from March 4, 1817, until his resignation on May 8, 1822; chairman, Committee on Manufactures (Sixteenth and Seventeenth Congresses); engaged in the manufacture of iron at Bear Creek, Butler County, Pa.; resumed the practice of law in Pittsburgh, Pa., appointed an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court on January 6, 1830, and served until his death in Philadelphia, Pa., April 21, 1844; interment in Greendale Cemetery, Meadville, Pa.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: In the DeWitt Clinton Papers, 1785-1828, 9 linear feet. Correspondents include Henry Baldwin. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Crawford County Historical Society

Meadville, PA
Papers: In the Huidekoper Family Papers, 1793-1947, approximately 16 feet. Correspondents include Henry Baldwin. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.

Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania

Pittsburgh, PA
Papers: In the Denny-O'Hara Family Papers, ca. 1769-1949, 9.50 linear feet. Other authors include Henry Baldwin. An inventory is available in the repository.

Huntington Library

San Marino, CA
Papers: In the Baldwin Family Papers, 1779-1886, 475 items. Persons represented include Henry Baldwin. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Baldwin, Henry. Address delivered before the literary societies of Allegheny College, August 27, 1840. Meadville: J.C. Hays, printer, 1841.

------. A general view of the origin and nature of the Constitution and government of the United States: deduced from the political history and condition of the colonies and states. Philadelphia: Printed by J. C. Clark, 1837. Reprint, Union, N.J.: Lawbook Exchange Ltd., 2000.

Cambreleng, Churchill Caldom. An examination of the new tariff proposed by the Hon. Henry Baldwin, a Representative in Congress. New York: Gould & Banks, 1821.

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