VOORHIS, Horace Jeremiah (Jerry)

VOORHIS, Horace Jeremiah (Jerry)
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1901–1984

Biography

VOORHIS, Horace Jeremiah (Jerry), a Representative from California; born in Ottawa, Franklin County, Kans., April 6, 1901; attended the public schools in Ottawa, Kans., Oklahoma City, Okla., Peoria, Ill., and Pontiac, Mich; was graduated from Yale University in 1923 and from Claremont (Calif.) College in 1928; worked in a factory, handled freight on the railroads, and worked as a cowboy in Wyoming; traveling representative for Y.M.C.A. in Germany in 1923 and 1924; worked in an automobile assembling plant in Charlotte, N.C., in 1924 and 1925; teacher in Allendale Farm School, Lake Villa, Ill., in 1925 and 1926 and Dray Cottage Home for Boys, Laramie, Wyo., in 1926 and 1927; headmaster and trustee of Voorhis School for Boys, San Dimas, Calif., 1928-1938; lecturer at Pomona College, Claremont, Calif., 1930-1935; unsuccessful candidate for the State assembly in 1934; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-fifth and to the four succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1937-January 3, 1947); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1946 to the Eightieth Congress; author; executive director of the Cooperative League of the United States of America, 1947-1967; became secretary, Group Health Association of America, in 1947; resided in Claremont, Calif., until his death there, September 11, 1984; interment in Mountain View Cemetery, Pasadena, Calif.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Claremont Colleges Libraries
Special Collections, Honnold/Mudd Library

Claremont, CA
Papers: 1913-1984, 184 linear feet. The papers of Jerry Voorhis contain books and papers from his campaigns and his years in Congressincluding his voting record as well as research material for his books, files related to his political, economic, and social interests, material about the Voorhis School for Boys, and Voorhis family history. There is a large body of information on cooperatives and extensive personal and business correspondence, much of it with prominent figures. Also included are supporting books and periodicals, phonograph records used in radio broadcasts, scrapbooks, photographs, articles and speeches by Jerry Voorhis, newspaper clippings and other artifacts. A finding aid is available in the repository.
Oral History: 1978-1979, 62 pages. The oral history interview with Horace Jeremiah Voorhis was recorded by Enid H. Douglass for the Former Members of Congress, Inc. as part of its project The Modern Congress in American History, November 30, 1978 [through] January 3, 1979. The project was funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and other benefactors.

Cornell University Libraries
Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections

Ithaca, NY
Papers: In the National Federation of Grain Cooperatives records, 1946-1976, 53 cubic feet. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Oral History: 3 folders. Transcript in the Oral History Collection of the Association of Former Members of Congress. Restricted. Sound recording in the Library's Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division.
Papers: In the Archibald MacLeish papers, ca. 1907-1981, 25 linear feet. Correspondents include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Robert Latham Owen papers, 1910-1941, 3.2 linear feet. Correspondents include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Frank E. Vanderhoof papers, 1933-1956, 45 items. Correspondents include Jerry Voorhis.

Lyndon B. Johnson Library

Austin, TX
Oral History: May 15, 1969. 13 pages. Description in library.

Stanford University
Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford, CA
Papers: In the Karl Boromaüs Frank papers, 1937-1961, 10 boxes. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Edward Eyre Hunt papers, 1902-1953, 104 boxes. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Myers G. Lowman papers, 1920-1966, 100 boxes. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Ernest Lundeen papers, 1860-1944, 384 boxes. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Elmer E. Robinson americana, 1765-1950, 1.75 linear feet. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Laurence E. Salisbury papers, 1916-1973, 4 boxes. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Freda Utley papers, 1886-1978, 87 boxes. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.

University of California, Berkeley
The Bancroft Library

Berkeley, CA
Oral History: In the Elizabeth Carlson Snyder interview, 1976-1977, 199 leaves. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Oral History: In the Madale L. Watson interview, 1988, 343 leaves. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Otis W. and Bernice E. Coan correspondence, 1942, 11 letters. Correspondents include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the William C. Dailey papers, [ca. 1939-1946], 15 items in portfolio. The papers include letters (14) 1939-1946, from California Representative, Jerry Voorhis, with copies of some of his speeches from the Congressional Record.
Papers: In the Jack Harrison Pollack papers, 1943-1982, 3 linear feet. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.

University of California, Los Angeles
Department of Special Collections, Library

Los Angeles, CA
Papers: In the Paul Bullock papers, 1967-1972, 1.5 linear feet. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Independent Progressive Party and Californians for Liberal Representation records, 1938-1986, 13 linear feet. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In the Rose Parker Kleinman papers, 1947-1977, 2 linear feet. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Blair Moody papers, 1928-1954 and undated, 31 linear feet. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the North American Student Cooperative League records, 1936-1977, 12.4 linear feet. Other authors include Jerry Voorhis.

University of Minnesota Libraries, Twin Cities
Social Welfare History Archives

Minneapolis, MN
Papers: 1947-1974, 7 linear feet. The collection relates to the work of Jerry Voorhis in the Cooperative Health Federation of America and Group Health Association of America. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Wisconsin Historical Society
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Oral History: In the John K. Kyle interview, 1976-1978, 23 tape recordings. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Thomas Ryum Amlie papers, 1888-1966, 36 cubic feet. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Cooperative League of the U.S.A. records, 1914-1982, 2 reels of microfilm (35mm); plus additions of 61.7 cubic feet, tape recordings, and photographs. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.
Papers: In the Adolph Germer papers, 1898-1966, 10.4 cubic feet. Persons represented include Jerry Voorhis.

Yale University Library
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Alfred Mitchell Bingham and the "Common Sense" collection, 1905-1979, 30 linear feet. Subjects include Jerry Voorhis. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982, 180.5 linear feet. Subjects include Jerry Voorhis. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Caldwell B. Esselstyn papers, 1945-1964, 40 linear feet. Subjects include Jerry Voorhis. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Irving Fisher papers, ca. 1861-1976, 20.25 linear feet. Subjects include Jerry Voorhis. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bullock, Paul. Jerry Voorhis, The Idealist as Politician. New York: Vantage, 1978.

------. "Rabbits and Radicals: Richard Nixon's 1946 Campaign Against Jerry Voorhis." Southern California Quarterly 55 (Fall 1973): 319-59.

Douglas, Paul H. "Three Saints in Politics." American Scholar 40 (Spring 1971): 223-32.

Johnson, Claudius O. "Jerry Voorhis: What Is Right rather than What Is Expedient." In Public Men In and Out of Office, edited by John Thomas Salter, pp. 322-43. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1946.

Voorhis, Horace Jeremiah (Jerry). American Cooperatives: Where They Come From, What They Do, Where They Are Going. New York: Harper, [1961]. Reprint, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1973.

------. Beyond Victory. New York: Farrar and Rinehart, Inc., 1944.

------. The Christian in Politics. New York: Association Press, 1951.

------. Confessions of a Congressman. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1947. Reprint, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1970.

------. Cooperative Enterprise: The Little People's Chance in a World of Bigness. Danville, Ill.: Interstate Printers & Publishers, [1975].

------. The Cooperatives Look Ahead. New York: Public Affairs Committee, 1952.

------. Credit Unions. Chicago: Cooperative League of the USA, 1965.

------. Horace Jeremiah Voorhis, A Philosophical View of Congress, Party Politics and the Mechanics of Congress [microform]. Sanford, N.C.: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1979.

------. Horace Jeremiah Voorhis, Entering Politics and Early Congressional Campaigns [microform]. Sanford, N.C.: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1979.

------. Horace Jeremiah Voorhis, Family Background and Youth [microform]. Sanford, N.C.: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1979.

------. Horace Jeremiah Voorhis, The Campaign of 1946, Defeat by Richard Milhous Nixon [microform]. Sanford, N.C.: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1979.

------. How to Organize a Co-op; A Guide to the Establishment of a Community Cooperative. Chicago: Cooperative League of the U.S. A., 1948.

------. Jerry Voorhis, Educator [microform]. Sanford, N.C.: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1979.

------. Jerry Voorhis, Leader in the American Cooperative Movement [microform]. Sanford, N.C.: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1979.

------. The Life and Times of Aurelius Lyman Voorhis. New York: Vantage Press, 1976.

------. The Morale of Democracy: Three Addresses on the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Cooperative League of the U.S.A. New York: The Greystone Press, 1941.

------. Our Money: How it Works. New York: Workers Education Bureau of America, 1946.

------. Out of Debt, Out of Danger: Proposals for War Finance and Tomorrow's Money. New York: The Devin-Adair Company, 1943.

------. The Strange Case of Richard Milhous Nixon. New York: P. S. Eriksson, 1972.

------. They Built America: A History Project Play. San Dimas, Calif.: The Viking Print Shop. Voorhis School for Boys, 1930.

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