RANDOLPH, Jennings

1902–1998

Biography

RANDOLPH, Jennings, a Representative and a Senator from West Virginia; born in Salem, Harrison County, W.Va., March 8, 1902; attended the public schools; graduated from the Salem (W.Va.) Academy in 1920 and Salem (W.Va.) College in 1924; engaged in newspaper work in Clarksburg, W.Va., in 1924; associate editor of West Virginia Review at Charleston in 1925; head of the department of public speaking and journalism at Davis and Elkins College at Elkins, W.Va., 1926-1932; trustee of Salem College and Davis and Elkins College; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1930 to the Seventy-second Congress; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-third and to the six succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1933-January 3, 1947); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1946 to the Eightieth Congress; chairman, Committee on the District of Columbia (Seventy-sixth through Seventy-ninth Congresses), Committee on Civil Service (Seventy-ninth Congress); professor of public speaking at Southeastern University, Washington, D.C., 1935-1953, and dean of School of Business Administration 1952-1958; assistant to president and director of public relations, Capital Airlines, Washington, D.C., February 1947-April 1958; elected in a special election on November 4, 1958, as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Matthew M. Neely; reelected in 1960, 1966, 1972 and 1978 and served from November 5, 1958, to January 3, 1985; did not seek reelection; chairman, Committee on Public Works (Eighty-ninth through Ninety-fifth Congresses), Committee on Environment and Public Works (Ninety-fifth and Ninety-sixth Congresses); died in St. Louis, Mo., on May 8, 1998; interment in Seventh-Day Baptist Cemetery, Salem, Harrison County, W.Va.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Berea College

Berea, KY
Papers: Correspondence in the Council of the Southern Mountains general correspondence, 1957-1970.

Boise State University Library

Boise, ID
Papers: Correspondence in Frank Church papers, 1941-1983. Finding aid.

Columbia University
Oral History Project

New York, NY
Oral History: 1967. 15 leaves. In the Social Security collection. Permission required to cite, quote, and reproduce.

Gerald R. Ford Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1974-1977. Correspondence and briefing papers. Finding aid.

Hagley Museum and Library

Greenville, DE
Papers: Material concerning Jenning's role as advocate of airmail pick-up system in All American Engineering Company records, 1937-1975.

John F. Kennedy Library

Boston, MA
Oral History: 1965. 15 pages.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Oral History: 109 pages. U.S. Capitol Historical Society.

Public Works Historical Society

Chicago, IL
Oral History: 1985. 32 pages.

University of Georgia
Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies

Athens, GA
Oral History: 1971. 6 pages. Limited to reminiscences of Russell.

West Virginia Division of Culture and History

Charleston, WV
Papers: 1934-1984. Ca. 900 boxes. Political and personal papers, photographs, and memorabilia

West Virginia University
West Virginia and Regional History Collection

Morgantown, WV
Papers: Correspondence in Andrew Edmiston papers, 1865-1948; West Virginia State Board of Control records, 1909-1949; and Ernest Glenwood Otey papers, 1935-1965.

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Bibliography / Further Reading

Randolph, Jennings, and James A. Bell. Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen . . . : A Practical Guide to Public Speaking. 1939. Rev. ed. Washington: Press of Judd & Detweiler, 1951. Originally published as Speaking That Wins.

U.S. Congress. Tributes to the Honorable Jennings Randolph of West Virginia in the United States Senate, Upon the Occasion of His Retirement from the Senate. 98th Cong., 2d sess., 1984. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1984.

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