MILLS, Roger Quarles

MILLS, Roger Quarles
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object


MILLS, Roger Quarles, a Representative and a Senator from Texas; born in Todd County, Ky., March 30, 1832; attended the common schools; moved to Texas in 1849; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1852 and commenced practice in Corsicana, Tex.; member, State house of representatives 1859-1860; enlisted in the Confederate Army and served throughout the Civil War, attaining the rank of colonel of the Tenth Regiment, Texas Infantry; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-third and to the nine succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1873, until his resignation on March 29, 1892, having been elected Senator; chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Fiftieth Congress), Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce (Fifty-second Congress); elected to the United States Senate in 1892 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John H. Reagan; reelected in 1893 and served from March 30, 1892, to March 3, 1899; was not a candidate for reelection; died in Corsicana, Tex., September 2, 1911; interment in Oakwood Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Dallas Historical Society

Dallas, TX
Papers: 1850-1911. 185 items. Correspondence, speeches, clippings, and pamphlets. Includes correspondence with his wife while he served in the Texas legislature and in the Confederate army, and material on politics and government after the Civil War.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: Correspondence in George Fred Williams papers, 1877-1898.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: October 17, 1888; November 15, 1893. 2 items.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1878. 1 item.

University of Texas
Center for American History

Austin, TX
Papers: 1813-1938. 9 inches. Correspondence, speeches, writings, scrapbook, photographs, and clippings chiefly relating to his legal, political, and military activities, including material on tariffs and free trade. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Ca. 2 inches of items pertaining to 1986 campaign in Thomas S. Henderson papers. Finding aid.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Barr, C. Alwyn. "The Making of a Secessionist: The Antebellum Career of Roger Q. Mills." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 79 (October 1975): 129-44.

Mills, Roger Quarles, and William McKinley. Addresses on the Tariff. Rochester, NY: n.p., 1891.

Welch, June Rayfield. "An Oklahoma County Was Named for Mills." In The Texas Senator, pp. 42-47. Dallas: G.L.A. Press, 1978.

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Committee Assignments

  • House Committee - Ways and Means - Chair
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