HULL, Cordell

1871–1955

Biography

HULL, Cordell, a Representative and a Senator from Tennessee; born in Olympus, Overton (now Pickett) County, Tenn., October 2, 1871; attended normal school and graduated from the law department of Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tenn., in 1891; admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Celina, Tenn.; member, State house of representatives 1893-1897; during the Spanish-American War served with the rank of captain; judge of the fifth judicial circuit of Tennessee 1903-1906; elected as a Democrat to the Sixtieth and to the six succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1907-March 3, 1921); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1920 to the Sixty-seventh Congress; chairman of the Democratic National Executive Committee 1921-1924; again elected to the Sixty-eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1923-March 3, 1931); was not a candidate for renomination in 1930, having become a candidate for Senator; elected to the United States Senate as a Democrat in 1930 and served from March 4, 1931, to March 3, 1933, when he resigned to become Secretary of State; appointed Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President Franklin D. Roosevelt March 4, 1933, serving until his resignation December 1, 1944; known as 'the Father of the United Nations'; awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945; retired and resided in Washington, D.C., until his death there, July 23, 1955; interment in the Central Burial Vault of the Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea in the Washington Cathedral, Washington, D.C.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society

Buffalo, NY
Papers: Manuscript of Cordell Hull by Julian W. Pratt in local author manuscript collection, 1926-1971; correspondence in Julian W. Pratt papers, 1905-1977; and Norman E. Mack papers, 1886-1941. Finding aid.

Columbia University
Oral History Project

New York, NY
Oral History: Discussed in numerous interviews.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 19 official letters/cables (1933-1944) in the Frances Perkins papers, ca. 1895-1965; correspondence in the William Cabell Greet papers, 1934-1959; James Lawrence Fly papers, 1920-1977; Spruille Braden papers, 1903-1977; and correspondence and reports in Joint Committee on Importations records, 1939-1943.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections

Ithaca, NY
Papers: In Bert Lord papers, 1902-1939; and James Marshall McHugh papers, 1930-1965.

Dartmouth College

Hanover, NH
Papers: Correspondence in Grenville Clark papers, 1882-1967. Finding aid.

East Carolina University
Joyner Library

Greenville, NC
Papers: Correspondence in Luther P. Tapp papers, 1895-1956; and Hoyt Patrick Taylor papers, 1827-1964.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in W.C. Forbes papers, 1900-1948.

Knox County Public Library
McClung Historical Collection

Knoxville, TN
Papers: 1928-1940. 20 letters. Correspondence, primarily while in House of Representatives, with John Fouche Brownlow.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1908-1956. 265 containers. Correspondence, memoranda, diaries, manuscript of memoirs (1948), speeches and statements, scrapbooks, and printed matter relating to his career, chiefly as secretary of state. Topics include foreign relations, neutrality, international conferences, Pearl Harbor investigations, tariff and trade agreements, and founding of the United Nations. Also on 118 microfilm reels. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in James Couzens papers, 1903-1940; Robert Worth Bingham papers, 1879-1974; Breckinridge family papers, 1752-1965; and Joseph Wright Alsop and Stewart Johonnot Oliver Alsop papers, 1762-1970. Finding aid.

New Jersey Historical Society

Newark, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in Reeve Schley papers, 1670-1969.

Newberry Library

Chicago, IL
Papers: Correspondence in Carter Henry Harrison papers, 1731-1953.

Providence College
Phillips Memorial Library

Providence, RI
Papers: 5 items (1935-1936) in J. Lyons Moore papers.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Rowena Morse Mann papers, 1878-1958; and Sue Shelton White papers, 1898-1963.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library

Hyde Park, NY
Papers: Correspondence in James Roosevelt papers, 1935-1967 (partial restrictions); Whitney Hart Shepardson papers, 1910-1966; Franklin D. Roosevelt papers, 1920-1928; Henry Agard Wallace papers, 1941-1945; President's Secretary's file, 1933-1945; Augustus L. Richards papers, 1941-1944; Charles W. Taussig papers, 1928-1948; Herbert Claiborne Pell papers, 1912-1960; R. Walton Moore papers, 1922-1941; Louis Fischer papers, 1938-1949; and David Gray papers, 1855-1962.

Scott E. Webber Collection

Stony Point, NY
Oral History: Mentioned in a James A. Farley interview.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections

Stanford, CA
Papers: In Mary Wilhelmine Williams papers, 1911-1943; Elmer E. Robinson collection, 1765-1950; and Francis B. Loomis papers, 1897-1939, available on microfilm.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: In George A. Sloan papers, 1917-1955; Byron Price papers, 1901-1976; Ludwell Denny papers, 1917-1969; and Hilmar Robert Baukhage papers, 1906-1962.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library

Syracuse, NY
Papers: In Nicholas Roosevelt papers, 1846-1962; Nathan Lewis Miller papers, 1902-1958; Hermann Hagedorn papers, 1904-1962; and Paul Henson Appleby papers, 1932-1965.

Tennessee State Library and Archives

Nashville, TN
Papers: 1901-1932. Ca. 750 items. Correspondence, accounts, biographical data, legal documents, memoranda, speeches, voting record, writings, and newspaper clippings relating to his political career. Includes material on the election of 1928, the 1932 primary contest for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination in Tennessee, campaign of 1932, Democratic politics in Tennessee, Alfred E. Smith, and Hull family genealogy. Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974; Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949; Alexander Grant Ruthven papers, 1901-1961; Jesse Sidall Reeves papers, 1853-1942; Carl May Wideman papers, 1921-1972; Edward Gearing Kemp papers, 1920-1962; Joseph Ralston Hayden papers, 1854-1948; Roy Dikeman Chapin papers, 1886-1937; Albert Joseph Engel papers, 1911-1959; Eugene Gressman papers, 1935-1967; Frank Dwight Fitzgerald papers, 1928-1944; Read Bain papers, 1893-1972; Eleanor M. Bumgardner papers, 1919-1967; and Prentiss Marsh Brown papers, 1902-1973. Finding aid.

University of Tennessee
Special Collections

Knoxville, TN
Papers: In the Salo Engel papers. 617 items. Correspondence, essays, and other material relating to proposed observance of centennial of Hull's birth.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in various collections. Finding aid.

University of Washington Libraries
Manuscripts and University Archives

Seattle, WA
Papers: Correspondence in Mark Allison Matthews papers, 1884-1948. Finding aid.

University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center

Laramie, WY
Papers: Correspondence in Harry Barnard papers, 1925-1977.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items. Finding aid.

Wright State University Library

Dayton, OH
Papers: Correspondence in James M. Cox papers, 1908-1957.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960; Arthur Bliss Lane papers, 1904-1957; Russell Cornell Leffingwell papers, 1883-1979; John Q. Tilson papers, 1888-1956; Edwin Montefiore Borchard papers, 1910-1950; James Harvey Rogers papers, 1904-1963; Charles Seymour papers, 1912-1963; Henry Lewis Stimson papers, 1846-1966; Dean Acheson papers, 1898-1986; Vance Criswell McCormick papers, 1907-1946; Richard Hooker papers, 1907-1964; Charles Telford Erickson papers, 1908-1973; and John Flournoy Montgomery papers.
Oral History: 1961. 3 microfiche. Reminiscences of Joseph Ballentine. Original at Columbia University, Oral History Project. Permission to cite or quote required.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL; Brown University, Providence, RI; Center for Holocaust Studies, Brooklyn, NY; Colgate University Library, Hamilton, NY; Filson Club Historical Society, Louisville, KY; Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis, IN; Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN; Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; Mount Holyoke College Library/Archives, South Hadley, MA; Manhattan College Library, Bronx, NY; New York Psychoanalytic Institute, New York, NY; Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America Archives, New York, NY; Rutgers University Libraries, New Brunswick, NJ; University of Idaho, Moscow, ID; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, IA; University of Oklahoma, Carl Albert Center, Congressional Archives, Norman, OK; University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC; University of Virginia, Alderman Library, Charlottesville, VA; Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY; Yale Divinity School Library, New Haven CT; and Yivo Institute for Jewish Research, New York, NY.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Akins, Bill. "A Time of Testing: The Tennessee Career of Cordell Hull." East Tennessee Historical Society's Publications 54 and 55 (1982 and 1983): 26-46.

Grollman, Catherine Anne. "Cordell Hull and His Concept of a World Organization." Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1965.

Hinton, Harold Boaz. Cordell Hull: A Biography. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1942.

Hull, Cordell. The Memoirs of Cordell Hull. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan Co., 1948.

Milner, Cooper. "The Public Life of Cordell Hull: 1907-1924." Ph.D. dissertation, Vanderbilt University, 1960.

Stanley, Judith M. "Cordell Hull and Democratic Party Unity." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 32 (Summer 1973): 169-87.

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