HOOPER, Samuel

1808–1875

Biography

HOOPER, Samuel, a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Marblehead, Mass., February 3, 1808; attended the common schools; employed as agent for an importing firm and traveled extensively in foreign countries until 1832, when he engaged in the importing business in Boston, Mass., and later in the iron business; member of the State house of representatives 1851-1853; served in the State senate in 1858; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Appleton; reelected to the Thirty-eighth and to the five succeeding Congresses and served from December 2, 1861, until his death; chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Forty-first Congress), Committee on Banking and Currency (Forty-second Congress), Committee on Coinage, Weights, and Measures (Forty-second and Forty-third Congresses); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1874; died in Washington, D.C., February 14, 1875; interment in Oak Hill Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 2 letters.

Harvard University
Baker Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: In the William Appleton and Company records, 1840-1889, approximately 31 linear feet. Persons represented include Samuel Hooper.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the Samuel P. Chase Collection, 1824-1881, 12 linear feet. Persons represented include Samuel Hooper.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: ca. 1829-1874, 244 items. The papers of Samuel Hooper include correspondence, financial statements, lists, ledger sheets, and receipts relating to Hooper's investments and his import business in Boston, Mass., and his service in the Massachusetts legislature and the U.S. House of Representatives. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 1836-1902, 10 records cartons. The papers of Samuel Hooper include correspondence, financial papers, deeds, government papers, printed materials, and estate papers document his business and political careers, including his tenure in the United States House of Representatives from 1861 until his death in 1875, during which Hooper helped shape the finance and currency policies of the Civil War. Includes correspondence of Hooper's father-in-law William Sturgis, his wife Anne Sturgis Hooper, and Salmon Portland Chase, U.S. secretary of state and chief justice, as well as papers of banker Frederick Dobbs Tappan. A preliminary inventory is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the John A. Andrew papers, 1772-1895, 25 document boxes and 16 bound volumes. Persons represented include Samuel Hooper.
Papers: In the John H. Clifford papers, ca. 1634-1967, 48 boxes. Correspondents include Samuel Hooper.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: December 26, 1868. 1 letter. Finding aid in repository.

Syracuse University
Special Collections Research Collection

Syracuse, NY
Papers: 1856-1874, 21 items. The papers of Samuel Hooper include outgoing correspondence about politics (Schuyler Colfax), interpretation of the usury law (Nahum Capen), as well as social invitations (Adam Badeau, Benjamin Perley Poore) and a letter of introduction (Charles Sumner). Written permission must be obtained from SCRC and all relevant rights holders before publishing quotations, excerpts or images from any materials in this collection. A finding aid is available in the repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Goodrich, John Zaccheus. A reply to the statements of Hon. Samuel Hooper, in a pamphlet fancifully entitled "A defence of the merchants of Boston," which justify the wine frauds of J.D. & M. Williams and the official misconduct of Timothy B. Dix, and asperse the character of "John Z. Goodrich, ex-collector of customs." Boston: Rockwell & Rollins, printer, 1867.

Hooper, Samuel. A defence [sic] of the merchants of Boston against aspersions of the Hon. John Z. Goodrich, ex-collector of customs. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1866.

------. An examination of the theory and the effect of laws regulating the amount of specie in banks. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1860.

------. The national finances. Speech of Hon. Samuel Hooper, of Massachusetts, on the loan bill. Delivered in the House of Representatives, February 21, 1866. Washington: McGill & Witherow, printers, 1866.

------. Specie currency: The true interests of the people. Boston: Bee Office, 1855.

------. Speech of Hon. Samuel Hooper, of Massachusetts on the necessity of regulating the currency of the country. Washington, D.C.: L. Towers & Co., printer, 1864.

------. Speech of Hon. Samuel Hooper, of Massachusetts, on the Treasury note bill. Delivered in the House ... February 3, 1862. [Washington: Towers, printer, 1862].

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Committee Assignments

  • House Committee - Ways and Means - Chair
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