Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives


EVERETT, Edward, (father of William Everett), A Representative and a Senator from Massachusetts; born in Dorchester, Mass., April 11, 1794; graduated from Harvard University in 1811; tutor in that university 1812-1814; studied theology and was ordained pastor of the Brattle Street Unitarian Church, Boston, in 1814; professor of Greek literature at Harvard University 1815-1826; overseer of Harvard University 1827-1847, 1849-1854, and 1862-1865; elected to the Nineteenth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1825-March 3, 1835); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1834; chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs (Twentieth Congress); Governor of Massachusetts 1836-1840; appointed United States Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain 1841-1845; declined a diplomatic commission to China in 1843; president of Harvard University 1846-1849; appointed Secretary of State by President Millard Fillmore to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Daniel Webster and served from November 6, 1852, to March 3, 1853; elected as a Whig to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1853, until his resignation, effective June 1, 1854; unsuccessful candidate for vice president of the United States in 1860 on the Constitutional-Union ticket; died in Boston, Mass., January 15, 1865; interment in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

American Antiquarian Society

Worcester, MA
Papers: 1832-1865. 58 items. Includes correspondence concerning his vice-presidential nomination, donations to the Antiquarian Society, and items from his years as governor of Massachusetts and president of Harvard. Also portraits. Additional correspondence in Matthew Carey papers, 1785-1859.

American Philosophical Society Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in W.H Smith papers, 1820-1864; Roderick Impey Murchison papers, 1830-1867; John Vaughan papers, 1768-1922; William Parker Foulke papers, ca. 1840-1865; William Henry Smyth papers, 1827-1864; and Charles Babbage correspondence, 1827-1871, on 1 microfilm reel.

Amherst College Library
Archives and Special Collections

Amherst, MA
Papers: Correspondence in Edward Hitchcock papers, 1815-1934. Finding aid.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1812-1860. Ca. 380 items. Material comprises letters, speeches, documents, and minutes of the Everett Statue Committee and focuses on slavery and the publication of a newspaper by T. Parsons. Includes 77 letters to Charles Folsom regarding articles in the North American Review and affairs of the Phi Beta Kappa Society of Harvard College. Finding aid. Partially restricted.

Boston University

Boston, MA
Papers: 1833-1864. 35 letters, 1 speech (July 28, 1856). Also photographs.

Brooklyn Historical Society

Brooklyn, NY
Papers: Letter as president of Harvard (August 12, 1847); letter (October 15, 1849); and quotation from address (January 22, 1864).

Brown University

Providence, RI
Papers: 1838-1847. 7 letters. Additional correspondence in Augustus Mendon Lord papers, 1795-1908.

Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society

Buffalo, NY
Papers: 124 letters from Everett as secretary of state in Millard Fillmore papers, ca. 1830-1873. Author index to 44 volumes of letters received.

Filson Club Historical Society

Louisville, KY
Papers: 1854, 1860. 2 letters.

Georgia Historical Society

Savannah, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas Addison Burke papers, 1827-1860. Finding aid.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: 834 items. Includes photographs and portrait.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Charles Sumner papers, 1829-1895, available on microfilm; 391 letters in John Prescott Bigelow papers, 1805-1898 (bulk 1814-1863); in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow papers, 1811-1928; and Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915.

Harvard University
Pusey Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: 1815-1854. 5 boxes. Correspondence as president of Harvard.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Cornelius C. Felton papers, 1839-1879; and Harvard University Corporation records, 1636-ongoing.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 8 items in William B. Sprague collection, 1799-1857; 1 volume of minutes (1860-1862) of meetings of the Friends of Bell and Everett Association; in Simon Gratz collection, 1677-1910; a speech (March 12, 1864) to the Committee on Naval Affairs of the House of Representatives in Josiah Stoddard Johnston papers, 1821-1839; in Hopkinson family papers, 1735-1863; and John Kintzing Kane papers, [ca.1800]-1892.

Jervis Public Library

Rome, NY
Papers: 2 letters (1858) in the Thomas C. Bright autograph collection.

Knox College
Seymour Library

Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (May 20, 1862) in Bookfellow Foundation autograph collection, 1705-1940.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1825-1865. 6 containers. Also 70 microfilm reels of originals (1675-1930) at Massachusetts Historical Society.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in John Silva Meehan papers, 1828-1904; George Watterson papers, 1809-1866; Andrew and John White Stevenson family papers, 1756-1882; Henry Bartholomew Cox collection, 1502-1965; and family correspondence in Hale family papers, 1698-1916. Finding aid.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 1675-1865. Ca. 35,000 items. Correspondence, diaries, letterbooks, scrapbooks, family papers, photographs and portraits. Available on 70 microfilm reels. Additional letters in various collections including David Damon papers, 1800-1891.

New Jersey Historical Society

Newark, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in Kinney family papers, 1783-1900; Charles Fenton Mercer papers, 1816-1854; George Brinton McClellan papers, 1860-1878; and correspondence and other documents in the Miscellaneous manuscripts collection, 1664-1956.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1815-1863. 92 items. Also correspondence in Walker family papers, 1775-1876; and Richard Grant White papers, 1842-1885.

New York Public Library

New York, NY
Papers: Ca. 1827-1864. Ca. 135 items. Also miscellaneous items in several collections including James A. Hamilton papers, [ca. 1740-1867].

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections

Albany, NY
Papers: 1820-1856. 9 items. Correspondence and eulogy for Daniel Barnard.
Additional Papers: In Edward Everett Hale papers, 1750-1917; Benjamin H. Hall papers, 1795-1884; Hugh M. Flick collection [ca. 1947]; and John Romeyn Brodhead papers, 1839-1865.

Peabody Essex Museum

Salem, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Phillips Exeter Academy Library

Exeter, NH
Papers: 1807-1864. Ca. 150 items. Political and personal correspondence, an unpublished speech, and 2 poems. Finding aid.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1824-1863. 56 items.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 6 letters (1830-1857) to Gulian C. Verplanck; and 1 letter (March 2, 1849) to Joseph Sprague.

Smith College Library
Sophia Smith Collection

Northampton, MA
Papers: Business and personal correspondence in Hale and Everett family papers, 1815-1856. Finding aid.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1830-1862. 13 items.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library

Rochester, NY
Papers: 79 letters by and 24 to Everett (1842-1864) in various collections. Finding aid.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In William Wirt papers, 1786-1850, on microfilm; Daniel Webster papers, 1800-1895, on microfilm; John McLean papers, 1817-1861; James Watson Webb papers, 1819-1967; Evarts family papers, 1753-1960; Kingsley family papers, 1696-1934; Benajah Ticknoe papers, 1818-1852; Palmer family papers, 1825-1914; Woolsey family papers, 1750-1950; and George Jacob Abbot papers, 1811-1901.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL; Brigham Young University, Special Collections, Provo, UT; Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society, Buffalo, NY; Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY; Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH; Emory University, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta, GA; Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities, Santa Monica, CA; Hagley Museum and Library, Greenville, DE; Harvard Divinity School, Cambridge, MA; Johns Hopkins University, Milton S. Eisenhower Library, Baltimore, MD; Radcliffe College, Schlesinger Library, Cambridge, MA; Rutgers University Libraries, New Brunswick, NJ; Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Art, Washington, DC; Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, CA; State University of New York, Buffalo, NY; Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, PA; University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library, Ann Arbor, MI; and University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Allis, Frederick S., Jr., ed. Edward Everett Papers. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1972. Microfilm. 54 reels and guide.

Christian, William Kenneth. "The Mind of Edward Everett." Ph.D. dissertation, Michigan State College, 1952.

Everett, Edward. The Life of George Washington. New York: Sheldon & Co., 1860.

___. Orations and Speeches, on Various Occasions. 1836. Reprint. New York: Arno Press, 1972.

___. Orations and Speeches on Various Occasions. 4 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, & Co., 1870-78.

Frothingham, Paul Revere. Edward Everett, Orator and Statesman. 1925. Reprint. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1971.

Geiger, John O. "A Scholar Meets John Bull: Edward Everett as United States Minister to England, 1841-1845." New England Quarterly 49 (December 1976): 577-95.

"Memoir of Edward Everett." Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society 18 (December 1903): 91-117.

Reid, Ronald F. "Edward Everett: Rhetorician of Nationalism, 1824-1855." Quarterly Journal of Speech 42 (October 1956): 273-82.

___. Edward Everett: Unionist Orator. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Selections from the Works of Edward Everett, with a Sketch of His Life. Boston: J. Burns, 1839.

Varg, Paul A. Edward Everett: The Intellectual in the Turmoil of Politics. Selinsgrove, PA: Susquehanna University Press, 1992.

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