Library of Congress


CONKLING, Roscoe, (son of Alfred Conkling and brother of Frederick Augustus Conkling), a Representative and a Senator from New York; born in Albany, N.Y., October 30, 1829; moved with his parents to Auburn, N.Y., in 1839; completed an academic course; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1850 and commenced practice in Utica, N.Y.; district attorney for Oneida County in 1850; mayor of Utica 1858; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1859-March 3, 1863); chairman, Committee on District of Columbia (Thirty-seventh Congress); unsuccessful candidate in 1862 for reelection; elected to the Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses and served from March 4, 1865, until he resigned to become Senator, effective March 4, 1867; elected in 1867 as a Republican to the United States Senate; reelected in 1873 and again in 1879 and served from March 4, 1867, until May 16, 1881, when he resigned as a protest against the federal appointments made in New York State; was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation; chairman, Committee on Revision of the Laws of the United States (Fortieth through Forty-third Congresses), Committee on Commerce (Forty-fourth, Forty-fifth, and Forty-seventh Congresses), Committee on Engrossed Bills (Forty-sixth and Forty-seventh Congresses); resumed the practice of law in New York City; declined to accept a nomination to the United States Supreme Court in 1882; died in New York City, on April 18, 1888; interment in Forest Hill Cemetery, Utica, N.Y.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 6 items.

Brooklyn Historical Society

Brooklyn, NY
Papers: November 14, 1883. 1 letter.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections

Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in the Alonzo B. Cornell papers, 1830-1904; Ezra Cornell papers, 1828-1936; and David J. Millard papers, [ca.1819]-1874. Finding aid.

Henry E. Huntington Library

San Marino, CA
Papers: 32 letters in Samuel Latham Mitchell Barlow papers, 1798-1905. Congressional correspondence. Finding aid.

Indiana State Library

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Correspondence in the Benjamin Harrison papers, 1841-1900. In part, copies of Harrison papers in the Library of Congress.

Jervis Public Library

Rome, NY
Papers: Dinner invitation (1865) in Thomas C. Bright autograph collection.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1769-1895. 150 Items. Includes personal and political correspondence, printed matter, and papers relating to family history. Available on 1 microfilm reel.
Additional Papers: Correspondence (1849-1888) in Harold J. Jonas collection of Conkling materials, 1822-1962. In part transcripts and photographs.

Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute

Utica, NY
Papers: Miscellaneous items relating to Conkling.

New Jersey Historical Society

Newark, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in Joseph P. Bradley papers, 1836-1937.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1863-1886. 23 items and a portrait.

New York Public Library

New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Levi Parsons Morton papers, 1868-1920.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections

Albany, NY
Papers: Letters (1855-1879) in various collections including the Rutger Bleeker papers, 1771-1892; Seymour family papers, 1711-1912; Elbridge Gerry Spaulding papers, 1834-1907; Gilbert Hilton Scribner papers, 1868-1911; Edwin Denison Morgan papers, 1830-1872; Samuel Ludlow Frey papers, 1706-1912; John Augustus Griswold papers, ca. 1837-1895; and Charles Lanman collection, 1829-1869 (bulk 1855-1869).

Oneida Historical Society

Utica, NY
Papers: 1859-1881. 18 items. Correspondence and legal papers.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1863-1878. 4 items.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library

Syracuse, NY
Papers: 1863-1884. 27 letters. Outgoing political correspondence.
Additional Papers: 13 letters in the Gerrit Smith papers, 1864-1874; correspondence in the Joseph Warren Keifer papers, 1858-1929 (bulk 1881-1883); David Bennett Hill papers, 1885-1910; and Charles B. Sedgwick papers, 1814-1891. Finding aid.

University of the Pacific
Holt-Atherton Pacific Center for Western Studies

Stockton, CA
Papers: Correspondence in George Arthur Bell autograph and manuscript collection, 1779-ca. 1900.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library

Rochester, NY
Papers: 30 letters by and 4 to Conkling (1849-1877) in various collections. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence in Alexander Stewart Webb papers, 1818-1930; Edwards Pierrepont papers, 1813-1902; Thomas Collier Platt papers, 1851-1915; and Carrington family papers, 1749 1929. Finding aid.

Winterthur Museum

Winterthur, DE
Papers: Correspondence in Salem Howe Wales papers, 1837-1908.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL; Albany Institute of History and Art, Albany, NY; Brown University, Providence, RI; Cortland County Historical Society, Cortland, NY; Onondaga Historical Association, Syracuse, NY; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, IA; University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library, Ann Arbor, MI.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Burlingame, Sara Lee. "The Making of a Spoilsman: The Life and Career of Roscoe Conkling from 1829 to 1873." Ph.D. dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, 1974.

Chidsey, Donald Barr. The Gentleman from New York: A Life of Roscoe Conkling. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1935.

Conkling, Alfred Ronald. The Life and Letters of Roscoe Conkling, Orator, Statesman, Advocate. New York: C.L. Webster & Co., 1889.

Fry, James Barnet. The Conkling and Blaine-Fry Controversy in 1866. New York: Press of A.G. Sherwood & Co., 1893.

Hollenbach, James Barry. "The Political Speaking of Roscoe Conkling of New York." Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio University, 1973.

Jordan, David M. Roscoe Conkling of New York: Voice in the Senate. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1971.

McClain, Charles J. "From the Huntington Papers: The Huntington-Conkling Connection." Pacific Historian 29 (Winter 1985): 31-46.

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