BARBOUR, Philip Pendleton

BARBOUR, Philip Pendleton
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1783–1841

Biography

BARBOUR, Philip Pendleton, (brother of James Barbour and cousin of John Strode Barbour), a Representative from Virginia; born at "Frascati," near Gordonsville, Orange County, Va., May 25, 1783; attended common and private schools; was graduated from the college of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va., in 1799; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1800 and commenced practice in Bardstown, Ky.; returned to Virginia in 1801 and practiced law in Gordonsville, Orange County; member of the State house of delegates 1812-1814; elected as a Republican to the Thirteenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Dawson; reelected as a Republican to the Fourteenth through the Seventeenth Congresses, reelected as a Crawford Republican to the Eighteenth Congress and served from September 19, 1814, to March 3, 1825; Speaker of the House of Representatives (Seventeenth Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1824; offered the professorship of law in the University of Virginia in 1825, but declined; appointed a judge of the general court of Virginia and served for two years, resigning in 1827; elected as a Jacksonian to the Twentieth and Twenty-first Congresses and served from March 4, 1827, until his resignation on October 15, 1830; chairman, Committee on the Judiciary (Twentieth Congress); president of the Virginia constitutional convention in 1829; appointed by President Jackson, June 1, 1830, judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, declining the chancellorship and the post of attorney general; refused nominations for judge of the court of appeals, for Governor, and for United States Senator; appointed Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and served from March 15, 1836, until his death in Washington, D.C., February 25, 1841; interment in Congressional Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1823, 1 page. A letter from Philip Pendleton Barbour to John C. Calhoun and Samuel L. Southard written on September 19, 1823. Philip Barbou writes concerning a midshipman's or cadet's warrant for William H. Brown.
Papers: 1831, 1 page. A letter from Philip Pendleton Barbour to James Madison written in April 1831. Philip Barbour is returning some books and pamphlets that James Madison had lent him.
Papers: In the Ambler Family Papers, 1748-1866, approximately 400 items. The papers include legal papers of Philip Pendleton Barbour concerning cases in which he acted as counsel, and also includes wills of his clients. A copy of the finding aid for the papers is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Ambler and Barbour Family Papers, 1772-1880, 9 feet. Persons represented in the papers include Philip Pendleton Barbour. A copy of the finding aid for the papers is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Robert Beverley Papers, 1783-1831, 42 items. Correspondents include Philip Pendleton Barbour.
Papers: In the James Westhall Ford Papers, 1804-1874, approximately 577 items. Correspondents include Philip Pendleton Barbour. A guide for the papers is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Washington and Lewis Family Papers, 1774-1843, approximately 450 items. Correspondents include Philip Pendleton Barbour.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: In the Ford Collection, 1839, 1 item. A letter from Philip Pendleton Barbour to John P. Todd written on December 2, 1839.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Microform: In the Philip Pendleton Barbour Papers, 1820-1841, 7 items. The papers include letters written by Philip Pendleton Barbour to Robert Beverley concerning farming and national politics. Also included is a letterbook of David Higginbotham containing letters written to Philip Pendleton Barbour concerning the establishment of a national bank, and John Geddes Blair concerning the establishment of a branch of the Farmers Bank at Charlottesville, Virginia.
Papers: In the Barbour Family Papers, 1810-1890, approximately 1,353 items. The papers relating to Philip Pendleton Barbour include correspondence concerning the University of Virginia, the New-York Historical Society, legal and general subjects, accounts, and notes concerning lawsuits.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Barbour, Philip Pendleton. "Letter from Philip P. Barbour to Andrew Glassell." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 34 (July 1926): 277-78.

------. Mr. P.P. Barbour's speech on the bill to construct a national road from Buffalo, passing by the seat of the general government, to New Orleans: delivered in the House of Representatives, U.S. 24th March, 1830. N.p., [1830].

------. Speech Delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, February 10, 1820. Washington, D.C.: N.p., 1820.

------. Speech of Mr. P.P. Barbour, of Vir., on the Tariff Bill: Delivered in the House of Representatives U.S., March 26, 1824. Washington: Printed by Gales & Seaton, 1824.

------. Speech of Mr. P.P. Barbour, of Virginia, delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, February 10, 1820. [Washington: N.p., 1820].

------. Speech of Mr. Philip P. Barbour, of Virginia, on Internal Improvements, delivered in the House of Representatives, January 15, 1824. Washington, D.C.: N.p., 1846.

------. Speech of Mr. Philip P. Barbour of Virginia on the National Road Bill: delivered in the House of Representatives, March 1830. Washington: Duff Green, 1830.

Gatell, Frank Otto. "Philip Pendleton Barbour." In The Justices of the United States Supreme Court, 1789-1969, compiled by Leon Friedman, 5: 717-27. New York: R. R. Bowker, 1969.

Long, W. S. "James Barbour." John P. Branch Historical Papers of Randolph-Macon College 4, no. 2 (June 1914): 34-64.

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