BARBOUR, Philip Pendleton

BARBOUR, Philip Pendleton
Oil on canvas, Kate Flournoy Edwards, 1911, Collection of U.S. House of Representatives.
1783–1841

Biography

BARBOUR, Philip Pendleton, (brother of James Barbour and cousin of John Strode Barbour), a Representative from Virginia; born at "Frascati," near Gordonsville, Orange County, Va., May 25, 1783; attended common and private schools; was graduated from the college of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va., in 1799; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1800 and commenced practice in Bardstown, Ky.; returned to Virginia in 1801 and practiced law in Gordonsville, Orange County; member of the State house of delegates 1812-1814; elected as a Republican to the Thirteenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Dawson; reelected as a Republican to the Fourteenth through the Seventeenth Congresses, reelected as a Crawford Republican to the Eighteenth Congress and served from September 19, 1814, to March 3, 1825; Speaker of the House of Representatives (Seventeenth Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1824; offered the professorship of law in the University of Virginia in 1825, but declined; appointed a judge of the general court of Virginia and served for two years, resigning in 1827; elected as a Jacksonian to the Twentieth and Twenty-first Congresses and served from March 4, 1827, until his resignation on October 15, 1830; chairman, Committee on the Judiciary (Twentieth Congress); president of the Virginia constitutional convention in 1829; appointed by President Jackson, June 1, 1830, judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, declining the chancellorship and the post of attorney general; refused nominations for judge of the court of appeals, for Governor, and for United States Senator; appointed Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and served from March 15, 1836, until his death in Washington, D.C., February 25, 1841; interment in Congressional Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1823, 1 page. A letter from Philip Pendleton Barbour to John C. Calhoun and Samuel L. Southard written on September 19, 1823. Philip Barbou writes concerning a midshipman's or cadet's warrant for William H. Brown.
Papers: 1831, 1 page. A letter from Philip Pendleton Barbour to James Madison written in April 1831. Philip Barbour is returning some books and pamphlets that James Madison had lent him.
Papers: In the Ambler Family Papers, 1748-1866, approximately 400 items. The papers include legal papers of Philip Pendleton Barbour concerning cases in which he acted as counsel, and also includes wills of his clients. A copy of the finding aid for the papers is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Ambler and Barbour Family Papers, 1772-1880, 9 feet. Persons represented in the papers include Philip Pendleton Barbour. A copy of the finding aid for the papers is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Robert Beverley Papers, 1783-1831, 42 items. Correspondents include Philip Pendleton Barbour.
Papers: In the James Westhall Ford Papers, 1804-1874, approximately 577 items. Correspondents include Philip Pendleton Barbour. A guide for the papers is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Washington and Lewis Family Papers, 1774-1843, approximately 450 items. Correspondents include Philip Pendleton Barbour.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: In the Ford Collection, 1839, 1 item. A letter from Philip Pendleton Barbour to John P. Todd written on December 2, 1839.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Microform: In the Philip Pendleton Barbour Papers, 1820-1841, 7 items. The papers include letters written by Philip Pendleton Barbour to Robert Beverley concerning farming and national politics. Also included is a letterbook of David Higginbotham containing letters written to Philip Pendleton Barbour concerning the establishment of a national bank, and John Geddes Blair concerning the establishment of a branch of the Farmers Bank at Charlottesville, Virginia.
Papers: In the Barbour Family Papers, 1810-1890, approximately 1,353 items. The papers relating to Philip Pendleton Barbour include correspondence concerning the University of Virginia, the New-York Historical Society, legal and general subjects, accounts, and notes concerning lawsuits.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Barbour, Philip Pendleton. "Letter from Philip P. Barbour to Andrew Glassell." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 34 (July 1926): 277-78.

------. Mr. P.P. Barbour's speech on the bill to construct a national road from Buffalo, passing by the seat of the general government, to New Orleans: delivered in the House of Representatives, U.S. 24th March, 1830. N.p., [1830].

------. Speech Delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, February 10, 1820. Washington, D.C.: N.p., 1820.

------. Speech of Mr. P.P. Barbour, of Vir., on the Tariff Bill: Delivered in the House of Representatives U.S., March 26, 1824. Washington: Printed by Gales & Seaton, 1824.

------. Speech of Mr. P.P. Barbour, of Virginia, delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, February 10, 1820. [Washington: N.p., 1820].

------. Speech of Mr. Philip P. Barbour, of Virginia, on Internal Improvements, delivered in the House of Representatives, January 15, 1824. Washington, D.C.: N.p., 1846.

------. Speech of Mr. Philip P. Barbour of Virginia on the National Road Bill: delivered in the House of Representatives, March 1830. Washington: Duff Green, 1830.

Gatell, Frank Otto. "Philip Pendleton Barbour." In The Justices of the United States Supreme Court, 1789-1969, compiled by Leon Friedman, 5: 717-27. New York: R. R. Bowker, 1969.

Long, W. S. "James Barbour." John P. Branch Historical Papers of Randolph-Macon College 4, no. 2 (June 1914): 34-64.

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