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45th Congress (1877–1879)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 293 Representatives
  • 8 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 155 Democrats
  • 136 Republicans
  • 2 Independent Democrats

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Gallery Pass/tiles/non-collection/1/1877GalleryPass_2007_169_002.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
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Congress Overview

The 45th Congress (1877–1879) remained politically divided between a Democratic House and Republican Senate. President Rutherford B. Hayes vetoed an Army appropriations bill from the House which would have ended Reconstruction and prohibited the use of federal troops to protect polling stations in the former Confederacy. Striking back, Congress overrode another of Hayes’s vetoes and enacted the Bland-Allison Act that required the purchase and coining of silver. Congress also approved a generous increase in pension eligibility for Northern Civil War veterans.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 45th Congress [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Samuel J. Randall (D–Pennsylvania)
Clerk of the House:
George M. Adams
Sergeant at Arms:
John G. Thompson
Chaplain of the House:
John Poise – Methodist
S.L. Townsend – Episcopalian
W.P. Harrison – Methodist
Doorkeeper:
Charles W. Field
Postmaster:
James M. Steuart
Clerk at the Speaker's Table:
William H. Scudder
J. Randolph Tucker, Jr.
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
Hiester Clymer (D–Pennsylvania)
Republican Conference Chairman:
Eugene Hale (R–Maine)

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section