UDALL, Stewart Lee

1920–2010

Biography

UDALL, Stewart Lee, (brother of Morris K. Udall; uncle of Mark Udall; father of Tom Udall; cousin of Gordon H. Smith), a Representative from Arizona; born in St. Johns, Apache County, Ariz., January 31, 1920; attended the public schools and the Eastern Arizona Junior College for one year; enlisted, United States Army, Second World War; engaged in combat operations over Europe as a gunner with the Fifteenth Air Force until 1944; graduated from the law school of the University of Arizona, Tucson,1948; admitted to the Arizona bar, 1948; lawyer, private practice; trustee of School District 16 (Ariz.), 1954; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-fourth and to the three succeeding Congresses until his resignation on January 18, 1961 (January 3, 1955-January 18, 1961); Secretary of the Interior in the Cabinets of President John F. Kennedy and President Lyndon B. Johnson (January 1961-January 1969); consultant; author; resumed the practice of law; died on March 20, 2010, in Santa Fe, N. Mex.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of Arizona Library
Special Collections

Tucson, AZ
Papers: ca. 1950-1977, 102 feet. The collection is predominantly composed of Stewart Lee Udall's professional and public papers. Items of the 84th, 85th, and 86th Congresses are organized into administration and legislation files. Administration includes routine office matters, requests, and correspondence relating to particular problems or issues. Legislation encompasses correspondence arranged by subject, related bills, hearings, clippings, speeches, and background materials. The three major subseries of the Dept. of the Interior papers are issues and achievements; speeches, events, and ceremonies; and administrative files. Substantial material is present on the issue of Colorado River water usage. Personal items include photographs, articles about the Udall family, honors and awards, and letters from special correspondents. Among these are Carl Sandburg, Wallace Stegner, Ansel Adams, William R. Matthews, Frank E. Masland, Charles A. Lindbergh, Lewis W. Douglas, and David R. Brower. Publication files contain newspaper and magazine articles, 1957-1977; Newsday columns, 1970-1972; and oversize items, 1961-1973. Drafts, correspondence, fan mail, and awards relate to his books The Quiet Crisis, 1963; 1976: Agenda for Tomorrow, 1968; and The Energy Balloon, 1974. Audio-visual items throughout the collection include an oral history interview of Udall from 1970, films, phonograph records of radio shows, and tape recordings of conferences and other public events. Twenty-five photographs of President Kennedy at various public functions are also present.

Arizona Historical Foundation

Tempe, AZ
Papers: In the Barry Goldwater Papers, ca. 1880-2008, 1180 linear feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.

Arizona State University Library
Arizona Collection

Tempe, AZ
Papers: In the Central Arizona Project Association Records, ca. 1922-1974, 28.5 linear feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.

Brigham Young University
L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library

Provo, UT
Papers: In the Stewart L. Udall Research on the Mountain Meadows Massacre, 1950-2003, 0.6 linear foot. The collection contains a book of remembrance, transcripts of oral history interviews regarding John D. Lee, information regarding the memorial at Mountain Meadows, newspaper clippings, letters, notes, and photocopied excerpts from books on the topic.
Papers: In the Maurice Frink Collection, 1920-1966, 9 boxes. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.

California State Archives

Sacramento, CA
Oral History: In the Rita Singer Interview, 1991, 152 pages. Persons mentioned include Stewart Udall.

Denver Public Library

Denver, CO
Papers: In the Mineral Policy Center Records, 1987-1997, 12 linear feet. Other authors include Stewart Udall.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: In the Papers Relating to the Inauguration of John F. Kennedy, 1960-1961, approximately 40 items. Other authors include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the E. E. (Edward Estlin) Cummings Papers, 1894-1962, 21.5 linear feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Robert Frost Papers Concerning the Kennedy Inaugural, 1960-1962, 1 box. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Harry Levin Papers, 1912-1994, 37 linear feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Robert Manning Papers, 1938-1993, 22 linear feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the James Parton Papers, 1914-1986, 41.2 linear feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Gore Vidal Papers, ca. 1875 Persons represented include Stewart Udall.

John F. Kennedy Library

Boston, MA
Oral History: 173 pages.
Papers: In the August Heckscher White House Files, 1962-1963, 24.75 cubic feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Microfilm: In the United States Department of the Interior Records, 1961-1963, 26 reels. Microfilm of records of secretary Stewart Udall, Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and Bureau of Land Reclamation, and publications; correspondence; reports; memoranda; press releases; publications; compilations of departmental activities by state; and materials relating to water projects, Native Americans, commercial fisheries, and outdoor recreation.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1961-1969, 3 items. The papers of Stewart Udall include two signed typescripts with holograph corrections of Robert Frost's poem, "Dedication," written for the presidential inauguration of John F. Kennedy in 1961. Includes the original typescript and a revised version his book, In the Clearing (1962), under the title "For John F. Kennedy His Inauguration." Includes a note (1969 December 30) written by Udall concerning the drafts of Frost's poem, both of which were inscribed to Udall.
Oral History: Transcript in the Oral History Collection of the Association of Former Members of Congress. Restricted. Sound recording in the Library's Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division.
Papers: In the Clinton Presba Anderson Papers, ca. 1938-1972, approximately 250,000 items. Correspondents include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Huntington Cairns Papers, ca. 1780-1984, 73.1 linear feet. Correspondents include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Clark M. Clifford Papers, ca. 1883-1999, 34.6 linear feet. Correspondents include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Charles and Ray Eames Papers, ca. 1885-1998, 120.2 linear feet. Correspondents include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Victor Gruen Papers, ca. 1886-1991, 123.6 linear feet. Correspondents include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Archibald MacLeish Papers, ca. 1907-1981, 25 linear feet. Correspondents include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Nathaniel Alexander Owings Papers, ca. 1911-1983, 29.2 linear feet. Correspondents include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Glenn Theodore Seaborg Papers, ca. 1866-1999, 407.4 linear feet. Correspondents include Stewart Udall.

Lyndon B. Johnson Library

Austin, TX
Oral History: 5 interviews: 43, 40, 43, 21 and 31 pages.

University of California, Berkeley
The Bancroft Library

Berkeley, CA
Papers: In the William Edward Colby Papers, 1892-1964; 2 boxes, 3 cartons, and 1 oversize folder. Correspondents include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Conservation Associates Records, ca. 1959-1979, 3 cartons. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Harry Lees Kingman Papers, 1921-1975, 9.55 linear feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Walter Eugene Packard Papers, 1899-1966, 22 linear feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Sierra Club Office of the Executive Director Records, 1933-1994, 65 linear feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Paul Schuster Taylor Papers, ca. 1660-1997, 128.7 linear feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.

University of Michigan
The Bentley Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In the Prentiss Marsh Brown Papers, 1902-1973, 28 linear feet. Other authors include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Samuel Trask Dana Papers, 1893-1970, 10 linear feet and 1 outsize folder. Correspondents include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In teh Democratic Party of Michigan Records, 1932-1994, 96 linear feet. Other authors include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Philip A. Hart Papers, ca. 1949-1976, 281 linear feet. Other authors include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Michigan United Conservation Clubs Records, 1937-2004, 24 linear feet. Other authors include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Stellanova Osborn papers, 1916-1992, 40 linear feet. Other authors include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the George W. Pray Papers, 1844-1890, 1.5 linear feet. Other authors include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Margaret Bayne Price Papers, 1918-1969, 25 linear feet. Other authors include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Weston E. Vivian Papers, 1964-1968, 12 linear feet. Other authors include Stewart Udall.

University of Pennsylvania Library
Rare Book and Manuscripts Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1964, 1 item. A letter from to Stewart L. Udall, Secretary of the Interior, on behalf of the "Conservationists for Johnson" committee to Lewis Mumford written in 1964.
Papers: In the Correspondence with Marian Anderson, ca. 1961-1968, 11 items. Correspondents include Stewart Udall.

Utah State Archives
Division of Archives and Records Service

Salt Lake City, UT
Papers: In the Governor Matheson Radiation Records, 1950-1983, 8 cubic feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.

Wisconsin Historical Society
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: In the Fond du Lac County Conservation Alliance (Wis.) Records, 1961-1968, 0.8 cubic foot. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Fredric March Papers, 1899-1970, 2.8 cubic feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Gaylord Nelson Papers, 1954-2005, 223.5 cubic feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Papers: In the Edwin H. Newman Papers, 1944-1978, 9.2 cubic feet. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
Microfilm: In the John B. Oakes Papers, 1932-1969, 6 reels. Persons represented include Stewart Udall.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Leunes, Barbara Laverne Blythe. "The Conservation Philosophy of Stewart L. Udall, 1961-1968." Ph.D. diss., Texas A & M University, 1977.

Udall, Stewart L. 1976: Agenda for Tomorrow. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and World, 1968.

------. The Myths of August: A Personal Exploration of Our Tragic Cold War Affair with the Atom. New York: Pantheon Books, 1994.

------. "Pausing At The Pass: Reflections of A Native Son." In Beyond The Mythic West, pp. 1-22. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith Books, 1990.

------. The Quiet Crisis. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963.

------. The Quiet Crisis and the Next Generation. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith Books, 1988.

------. To the Inland Empire: Coronado and Our Spanish Legacy. Photographs by Jerry Jacka. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1987.

Udall, Stewart L., with Charles Conconi and David Osterhout. The Energy Balloon. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974.

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