/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_mccormack_2005_016_045.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this object
Democrats retained control of Congress after the 1962 elections. Following the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Senate approved the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, and in the wake of President John F. Kennedy’s assassination, the 88th Congress (1963–1965) desegregated public accommodations with the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Congress passed programs to combat the causes of poverty and tackled environmental problems through the Clean Air Act, the Urban Mass Transportation Act, and the Wilderness Act. Congress also granted broad authority to Kennedy’s successor, President Lyndon B. Johnson, to use force in Vietnam with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.