WISE, John Sergeant

WISE, John Sergeant
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1846–1913

Biography

WISE, John Sergeant, (son of Henry Alexander Wise, grandson of John Sergeant, brother of Richard Alsop Wise, and cousin of George Douglas Wise), a Representative from Virginia; born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, December 27, 1846, while his father was United States Minister to that country; attended preparatory schools in Goochland and Princess Anne Counties, Va., and the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington in 1862; participated with the institute cadets in the Battle of New Market during the Civil War; subsequently became a lieutenant in the Confederate Army; was graduated from the law department of the University of Virginia at Charlottesville in 1867; was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Richmond, Henrico County, Va.; unsuccessful candidate for election to the Forty-seventh Congress in 1880; United States attorney for the eastern district of Virginia from May 1882 to March 1883, when he resigned, having been elected to Congress; elected as a Readjuster to the Forty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1883-March 3, 1885); was not a candidate for renomination in 1884; unsuccessful Republican candidate for Governor of Virginia in 1885; moved to New York City and engaged in the practice of his profession; died near Princess Anne, Somerset County, Md., May 12, 1913; interment in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

College of William and Mary
Earl Gregg Swem Library

Williamsburg, VA
Papers: 1869-1873, 55 items. Correspondence, 1869-1873, of John S. Wise concerning the application of his brother Doctor Richard A.Wise for positions as professor at the College of William and Mary, and at the University of Virginia; and as superintendent at the Central Lunatic Asylum, Richmond, Va.
Papers: 1884, 1 page. A letter from John S. Wise to John E. Roller written on June 30, 1884. In the letter, Wise writes concerning meeting Gen. Roller in Staunton, Va.
Papers: In the White-Garnett Papers, 1876-1893, 573 items. Correspondents include John S. Wise.

Library of Virginia
Archives Branch

Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Bryan Family Papers, 1679-1943. Correspondence relating to personal, business, and congressional matters. Finding aid in repository.

University of Virginia
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the John Cropper Papers, 1778-1814, 7 items. Correspondents include John S. Wise.
Papers: In the Kingston Galleries, Inc, Dealer Letters, 1846-1912, 4 items. The papers contain one, 20 June 1891, from John Sergeant Wise to W.E. Mitchell about the morality of reading Sunday papers; letter, 2 February 1912, from John Singleton Mosby to Mrs. Garnett about miscellaneous matters of a social nature.
Papers: In the Virginia Letters, 1818-1910, 25 items. Correspondents include John S. Wise.

Virginia Military Institute Library

Lexington, VA
Papers: 1884-1964. 522 items. In part copies of originals in other repositories. Family correspondence, speeches, articles, and congressional papers.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Wise Family Papers, 1777-1983, approximately 24, 315 items. Persons represented include John Sergeant Wise.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Barnes, Brooks Miles. "The Congressional Elections of 1882 on the Eastern Shore of Virginia." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 89 (October 1981): 467-86.

Campbell, Otho Carlino. "John Sergeant Wise: A Case Study in Conservative-Readjuster Politics in Virginia, 1869-1889." Ph.D. diss., University of Virginia, 1979.

Davis, Curtis C. "Very Well-Rounded Republican: The Several Lives of John S. Wise." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 71 (October 1963): 461-87.

Wise, John Sergeant. Centralization by construction. [N.p., 1907]

------. Contested election--O'Ferrall vs. Paul Speech of Hon. John S. Wise, of Virginia, in the House of Representatives, Monday, May 5, 1884. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1884].

------. Diomed; the life, travels, and observations of a dog. Boston, London and New York: N.p., 1897.

------. The end of an era. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1902.

------. Family of Beverley of Berverly. New York: N.p., 1890.

------. The family of Douglass or Douglas of Garrallan in Virginia. [New York: N.p., 1894].

------. Speech of Hon. John S. Wise. New York: M. B. Brown, printer, 1887.

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