MUHLENBERG, John Peter Gabriel

1746–1807

Biography

MUHLENBERG, John Peter Gabriel, (father of Francis Swaine Muhlenberg, brother of Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg, uncle of Henry Augustus Philip Muhlenberg, and great–great–grandfather of Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg), a Representative and a Senator from Pennsylvania; born in Trappe, Pa., October 1, 1746; pursued classical studies; attended the Academy of Philadelphia (later the University of Pennsylvania); studied in the University of Halle, Germany, 1763-1766; apprenticed to a grocer, absconded, and served in a German regiment of dragoons; returned to Philadelphia in 1766; studied theology and was ordained in 1768; pastor of Lutheran churches in New Germantown and Bedminster, N.J.; moved to Woodstock, Va.; on a visit to England in 1772 was ordained a priest in the Anglican Church; member, Virginia house of burgesses 1774; chairman of the committee of safety for Dunmore County, Va.; during the Revolutionary War, raised and commanded the Eighth Virginia (German) Regiment; commissioned brigadier general of the Continental Army in 1777, and brevetted major general in 1783; returned to Pennsylvania and settled in Montgomery County; elected a member of the supreme executive council of Pennsylvania in 1784 and served as vice president 1785-1788; elected to the First Congress (March 4, 1789-March 3, 1791), the Third Congress (March 4, 1793-March 3, 1795), and the Sixth Congress (March 4, 1799-March 3, 1801); presidential elector in 1796; elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1801, until his resignation on June 30, 1801; appointed by President Thomas Jefferson supervisor of revenue for Pennsylvania in 1801 and collector of customs at Philadelphia in 1802, in which latter capacity he served until his death at Gray's Ferry, Montgomery County, Pa., October 1, 1807; interment in the Augustus Lutheran Church Cemetery, Trappe, Pa.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

American Philosophical Society

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Photostats of correspondence and journal of trips to the Ohio (1784, 1797) in Muhlenberg family papers, 1769-1866. Originals in various repositories. Also letters in George Weedon military correspondence, 1777-1786.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1 letter (May 22, 1787) in the Alfred Berol collection.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections

Ithaca, NY
Papers: 1 letter (July 25, 1801) from Muhlenberg in Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Miscellany, Volume XI, 1755-1835.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 9 letters (1789-1790) in the Gratz collection.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In Muhlenberg family papers, 1773-1847.

Lutheran Theological Seminary
Lutheran Archives Center

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 2 items. Order of Worship of Peter Muhlenberg and clerical robe of Peter Muhlenberg.

Muhlenberg College Library

Allentown, PA
Papers: Letters in the Muhlenberg family papers, 1779-1854. Finding aid.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1780-1804. 125 items.

New York Public Library

New York, NY
Papers: 2 letters (1789) in the Bancroft transcripts.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

Harrisburg, PA
Papers: 68 items of correspondence (1786-1800) contained in various collections. Finding aid.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1773-1782. 4 items.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Order (October 4, 1788) to David Rittenhouse; and letter (February 21, 1806) to Thomas McKean.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: Correspondence in Draper manuscripts, Jonathan Clark papers, 1728-1810.

Valley Forge Historical Society

Valley Forge, PA
Papers: 1789. 1 item.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items. Finding aid.

Virginia State Library and Archives

Richmond, VA
Papers: 1789. 2 letters.

Washington and Jefferson College

Washington, PA
Papers: 1790. 1 item.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: 1 letter (ca. 1790) in the Jonathan Trumbull papers.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Hocker, Edward W. The Fighting Parson of the American Revolution. Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1936.

Muhlenberg, Henry A. Life of Major-General Peter Muhlenberg of the Revolutionary Army. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1849.

Wright, Marcus J. "A Sketch of the Life of General John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg." Publications of the Southern History Association 5 (May 1901): 181-87.

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