WICKLIFFE, Charles Anderson



WICKLIFFE, Charles Anderson, (grandfather of Robert Charles Wickliffe and John Crepps Wickliffe Beckham), a Representative from Kentucky; born near Springfield, Washington County, Ky., June 8, 1788; completed preparatory studies; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1809 and commenced practice in Bardstown; served in the War of 1812; was aide to General Winlock; member of the State house of representatives in 1812 and 1813; again entered the Army as aide to General Caldwell; again a member of the State house of representatives in 1822, 1823, and 1833-1835, and served as speaker in 1834; elected as a Jackson Republican to the Eighteenth Congress; reelected as a Jacksonian to the Nineteenth through the Twenty-second Congresses (March 4, 1823-March 3, 1833); chairman, Committee on Public Lands (Twenty-first and Twenty-second Congresses); was not a candidate for renomination; one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1830 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against James H. Peck, United States judge for the district of Missouri; Lieutenant Governor in 1836; became Governor upon the death of Governor Clark and served from October 5, 1839, to September 1840; Postmaster General from October 13, 1841, to March 6, 1845; sent on a secret mission by President Polk to the Republic of Texas in 1845; member of the State constitutional convention in 1849; member of the peace conference held at Washington, D.C., in 1861 in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war; elected as a Unionist to the Thirty-seventh Congress (March 4, 1861-March 3, 1863); did not seek renomination; unsuccessful candidate for Governor in 1863; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1864; died near Ilchester, Md., October 31, 1869; interment in Bardstown Cemetery, Bardstown, Ky.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

The Filson Historical Society
Special Collections

Louisville, KY
Papers: 1818-1828, 2 items. This collection consists of two letters addressed to Charles A. Wickliffe of Bardstown, Kentucky. One, dated Jan. 7, 1818, from William Henry Harrison in Washington discusses Harrison's nephew, Benjamin Harrison, and certain "conveyances." The other letter was written by Andrew Jackson, August 2, 1828, at the Hermitage in Tennessee and concerns Jackson's opinions of the current administration and their "ignorance of the american character."
Papers: ca. 1820s, 4 items. Political posters attacking and supporting C.A. Wickliffe and his record during his terms in the Kentucky House of Representatives; charges include bribery, lying, and attempting to ruin an opponents campaign.
Papers: 1826-1863, 8 items. Papers include a 17 Aug. 1840 letter to Governor James T. Morehead seeking his opinion of when Robert P. Letcher should be sworn in as governor; a 25 July 1842 letter of introduction to J.L. Grayham for three commissioners of the French government studying American postal regulations and making arrangements for steamboat service between the U.S. and France; a 13 Nov. 1860 letter to Lewis E. Harvie suggesting a grand mass convention of all Kentuckians opposed to the disunion movement and hoping that Kentucky will proclaim it will stand by the Union or perish with it; a 22 Sept. 1861 letter to General Robert Anderson recommending Joseph Brown for the position of quartermaster at New Haven; a 3 May 1862 letter to H.S. Randall discussing the growth of wool; and a 29 Jan. 1863 subscription list for copies of Wickliffe's speech in opposition to the bill to raise black regiments.

Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives

Frankfort, KY
Papers: 1839-1840, approximately 1.5 cubic feet. Gubernatorial papers. Finding aid in repository.
Papers: In the Appointments by the governor - military appointments, 1840, 0.1 cubic foot. This file documents Governor Charles Wickliffe's role as commander-in-chief of the Kentucky militia and his power to appoint and commission Kentucky militia officers to the rank of lieutenant or above. This is one commission of an officer in the Kentucky Militia.
Papers: In the Beckham-Wickliffe collection, 1818-1974, 0
.95 cubic foot, and 2 volumes. These are papers of the family of Governor J. C. W. Beckham including his grandfather Governor Charles Wickliffe. These were collected by Governor Beckham's daughter, Eleanor. Among the Wickliffe papers are an 1818 political letter to Wickliffe from William Henry Harrison and an 1828 political letter to Wickliffe from Andrew Jackson. Other items include a copy of Wickliffe's will; a copy of a survey for the Wickland estate near Bardstown established by Governor Wickliffe.
Papers: In the Kentucky Governor (1839-1840: Wickliffe), Governor's official correspondence file, 1839-1840, 0.1 cubic foot. These are incoming letters to Governor Charles Wickliffe which document administrative activities of the chief executive. Included are letters from the superintendent of public instruction to Bishop Flaget of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bardstown, requesting support for the common school system, and from the secretary of state to the president of the Bank of Kentucky concerning state financial matters.
Papers: In the Kentucky Governor (1836-1839: Clark), 
Governor's official correspondence file - enrolled bills, 1836-1839), 3 volumes, and 3 microfilm reels. Two of the volumes contain some bills signed by Acting Governor Charles Wickliffe.
Papers: In the Kentucky Governor (1839-1840: Wickliffe), Governor's official correspondence file - enrolled bills, 1839-1840, 1 volume and 1 microfilm reel.
Papers: In the Kentucky Governor (1839-1840: Wickliffe), Governor's official correspondence file - executive journal, 1839-1840), 1 volume and 1 partial microfilm reel.
Papers: In the Kentucky Governor (1839-1840: Wickliffe), Governor's official correspondence file - letter book, 1839-1840, 1 volume and 1 partial microfilm reel. This book contains transcripts of official letters to and from Governor Charles Wickliffe during his term in office. Included is a reply to the request of the governor of North Carolina for information on the Kentucky State Penitentiary and on the Lunatic Asylum, in which Governor Wickliffe describes the functions and facilities of both of these institutions. Also in this volume is the transcription of one official letter from Governor John J. Crittenden to the directors of the Southern Bank of Kentucky, dated July 1850.
Papers: In the Kentucky Governor (1839-1840: Wickliffe), Governor's official correspondence file - petitions for pardons and remissions, 1839-1840, 0.2 cubic foot. These files document Governor Charles Wickliffe's use of the governor's power and privilege to pardon convicts and to remit fines. Included are requests for pardons and remissions of fines for such crimes as breach of the peace and keeping a tippling house to assault and murder.

Kentucky Historical Society Library

Frankfort, KY
Papers: 1830-1859, 3 items. This collection consists of three letters, dated 1830-1859, of Charles A. Wickliffe. The letter dated July 14, 1830, was written by Wickliffe to Capt. William Taylor, Ballardsville (Oldham County), Kentucky, and concerns political matters. A second letter, dated Feb. 5, 1835, written by Wickliffe to Corneles Commiges of Philadelphia discusses financial matters. The third letter written on Nov. 25, 1859 by Wickliffe to the editor of the Bardstown (Ky.) Gazette provides an eyewitness account of the Battle of the Thames and the killing of Tecumseh.
Papers: In the Haycraft Family Papers, ca. 1808-1915, 134 items. Persons represented include C.A. Wickliffe.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1862, 2 items. Letters from C.A. Wickliffe.
Papers: In the Wyse-Wickliffe-Phillips Family Papers, 1810-1894, 250 items. Persons represented include C.A. Wickliffe.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: January 11, 1844. 1 official letter. Finding aid in repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Wickliffe, Charles Anderson. Speech of Mr. Wickliffe, of Ky. Delivered in the House of Representatives, on the mission to Panama, April 5, 1826. [Washington: N.p., 1826].

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