TWEED, William Marcy

1823–1878

Biography

TWEED, William Marcy, a Representative from New York; born in New York City April 3, 1823; completed preparatory studies; learned the trade of chair maker; alderman in New York City in 1852 and 1853; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-third Congress (March 4, 1853-March 3, 1855); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1854 to the Thirty-fourth Congress; school commissioner in 1856 and 1857; member of the board of supervisors for New York County in 1858; defeated as the peace candidate for sheriff in 1861; deputy street commissioner 1861-1870; elected to the State senate in 1867 and 1869, serving four years; again elected in 1871, but was not permitted to take his seat; commissioner of the department of public works in 1870; tried in 1874 on charges of official embezzlement, found guilty, and sentenced to twelve years' imprisonment; escaped in December 1875 and was captured in Spain; brought back to the United States on a man-of-war; again confined in prison in New York City from November 23, 1876, until his death, April 12, 1878; interment in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

New York City Department of Records and Information Services
Municipal Archives

New York, NY
Papers: 1853-1857. 19 items. Chiefly letters from Tweed as a Representative to James J. Murphy about securing for Murphy the position of postmaster of Williamsburg, NY. Discuss patronage and politics, the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, and the Know Nothing Party. Finding aid in repository.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: In the Cornelius Rea Agnew Papers, 1851-1924, 6 linear feet. Correspondents include William March Tweed.
Papers: In the Edwin Patrick Kilroe Papers, 1776-1959, 41 boxes. Correspondents include William Marcy Tweed.

The New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1846-1877. 48 items.
Papers: In the Fairchild Collection, ca. 1700-1928. 8.3 linear feet. Persons represented include William Marcy Tweed.
Papers: In the Henry Fox Taintor Papers, 1858-1913, approximately 65 items. Persons represented include William Marcy Tweed.

New York Public Library
Research Library

New York, NY
Papers: In the George Jones Papers, ca. 1825-1894, 0.4 linear foot. Persons represented include William Marcy Tweed.
Papers: In the Samuel J. Tilden Papers, ca. 1794-1886, 36 linear feet. Other authors include William Marcy Tweed.

Princeton University Library
Manuscripts Division

Princeton, NJ
Photographs: In the Laurence Hutton Photograph Albums, ca. 1800s, 5 linear feet. Persons represented include William Marcy Tweed.

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center

Fremont, OH
Papers: In the Thomas Nast Papers, 1860-1902, 1 linear foot. Persons represented include William Marcy Tweed.

Stanford University Libraries
Department of Special Collections, Green Library

Stanford, CA
Papers: In the Carnochan Family Papers, 1745-1929, 11.5 linear feet. Correspondents include William Marcy Tweed.

Syracuse University Library
Special Collections Research Center

Syracuse, NY
Papers: In the Thomas Nast Collection, ca. 1862-1902, 2 linear feet. The collection includes many caricatures of William Marcy (Boss) Tweed.

Texas Tech University
Southwest Collection

Lubbock, TX
Papers: In the Tweed Family Papers, ca. 1836-1952, approximately 1,852 leaves. Other authors include William Marcy Tweed.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Ashby, Ruth. Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall. San Diego, Calif.: Blackbirch Press, 2002.

Bales, William Alan. Tiger In The Streets. New York: Dodd Mead and Company, 1962.

Brezina, Corona. America's Political Scandals in the Late 1800s: Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall. New York: Rosen Publishing Co., 2004.

Callow, Alexander B., Jr. The Tweed Ring. New York: Oxford University Press, 1966.

Hershkowitz, Leo. Tweed's New York: Another Look. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Press-Doubleday, 1978.

Hoff, Syd. Boss Tweed and the Man Who Drew Him. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1978.

Lynch, Denis Tilden. Boss Tweed: The Story of a Grim Generation. 1927. Reprint, new extended introduction by Dennis Hale, New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 2002.

Mandelbaum, Seymour J. Boss Tweed's New York. New York: Wiley, 1965. Reprint, with a new introduction by the author, Chicago: I.R. Dee, 1990.

Pratt, John W. "Boss Tweed's Public Welfare Program." New-York Historical Society Quarterly 45 (October 1961): 396-411.

Tweed, William Marcy. Boss Tweed in Court [microform]: A Documentary History. Project editor, Leo Hershkowitz. Bethesda, Md.: University Publications of America, 1990.

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