TROUP, George Michael

1780–1856

Biography

TROUP, George Michael, a Representative and a Senator from Georgia; born at McIntosh Bluff, on the Tombigbee River, Ala. (then a part of Georgia), September 8, 1780; received preliminary education at home and in the schools of Savannah, Ga.; attended Erasmus Hall, Flatbush, N.Y., and graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1797; studied law; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Savannah, Ga., in 1799; member, State house of representatives 1803-1805; elected as a Democratic Republican to the Tenth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1807-March 3, 1815); was not a candidate for renomination in 1814; retired to his plantation in Laurens County; elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate for the term beginning March 4, 1817; subsequently elected to fill the vacancy in the term ending March 3, 1817, caused by the resignation of William W. Bibb, and served from November 13, 1816, until September 23, 1818, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Fifteenth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for governor in 1819 and 1821; Governor of Georgia 1823-1827; again elected to the United States Senate, as a Jacksonian, and served from March 4, 1829, to November 8, 1833, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs (Twenty-second Congress); died while on a visit to one of his plantations in Montgomery County, Ga., April 26, 1856; interment on the Rosemont plantation, Montgomery County, Ga.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Alabama Department of Archives and History

Montgomery, AL
Papers: In Alabama governor messages to the general assembly, 1826-1827.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library

Atlanta, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Robert Watkins Lovett papers, 1787-1916; and Tomlinson Fort family papers, 1808-1882.

Georgia Department of Archives and History

Atlanta, GA
Papers: In File II Names, primarily incoming correspondence to the governor of Georgia. Finding aid.

Georgia Historical Society

Savannah, GA
Papers: 15 items. Correspondence, autograph letter, photograph, and portrait. Also correspondence in William Jones papers, 1809-1839; and Joseph Bryan Cumming family papers, 1787-1969.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1808. 1 letter.

University of Georgia
Hargrett Library for Rare Books and Manuscripts

Athens, GA
Papers: Correspondence in William Harden papers, 1826-1936.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In Ulrich Bonnell Phillips papers, 1712-1933 (bulk 1800-1861).
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Fortune, Porter L., Jr. "George M. Troup: Leading State Rights Advocate." Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1950.

Harden, Edward Jenkins. The Life of George M. Troup. Savannah: E.J. Purse, 1859.

Mellichamp, Josephine. "George M. Troup." In Senators from Georgia, pp. 75-79. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1976.

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