Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object


SHEPPARD, Morris, (son of John Levi Sheppard, grandfather of Connie Mack III, and great–grandfather of Connie Mack IV), a Representative and a Senator from Texas; born in Wheatville, Morris County, Tex., May 28, 1875; attended the common schools of various Texas towns; graduated from the University of Texas at Austin in 1895, from the law department of the same university in 1897, and from the law department of Yale University in 1898; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Pittsburg, Camp County, Tex., in 1898; moved to Texarkana in 1899 and continued the practice of his profession; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of his father, John L. Sheppard; reelected to the Fifty-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses and served from November 15, 1902, to February 3, 1913, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds (Sixty-second Congress); elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate on January 29, 1913, to fill the vacancy in the term ending March 3, 1913, caused by the resignation of Joseph W. Bailey, and on the same day was also elected for the term commencing March 4, 1913; reelected in 1918, 1924, 1930 and 1936; took the oath of office on February 3, 1913, and served until his death; Democratic whip 1929-1933; chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Agriculture (Sixty-third and Sixty-fourth Congresses), Committee on the Census (Sixty-fourth and Sixty-fifth Congresses), Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Sixty-sixth Congress), Committee on Military Affairs (Seventy-third through Seventy-seventh Congresses); died in Washington, D.C., April 9, 1941; interment in Hillcrest Cemetery, Texarkana, Tex.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Dallas Historical Society

Dallas, TX
Papers: Miscellaneous articles and items.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library

Atlanta, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Mildred Hicks papers, 1917-1945.

Herbert Hoover Library

West Branch, IA
Papers: 9 pages (1918); and 2 folders (1921-1928).

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Ernest Irving Lewis papers, 1897-1944. Finding aid.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library

Syracuse, NY
Papers: Correspondence in William H. Benjamin papers, 1935-1936.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Howard Hyde Russell papers, 1840-1946; and Oscar Gottlieb Christgau papers, 1908-1971.

University of Texas
Center for American History

Austin, TX
Papers: 1894-1953. 14 feet. Document his political career as congressman, including his interests in business and commerce, prohibition, the New Deal, fraternal and service organizations, and military affairs, and his literary productions related to Shakespeare's plays. Includes correspondence, speeches, voting record, case files, legislative files, radio script, interview, lecture notes, biography, and scrapbooks and papers documenting activities on Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation (1930), Commerce Committee (1941), Senate Campaign Expenditures Investigation Committee (1938), and in introducing the measure that became the 18th Amendment. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In Harry Weinberger papers, 1915-1942; and Yale in World War II collection, 1939-1946.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bailey, Richard. "Morris Sheppard." In Profiles in Power: Twentieth-Century Texans in Washington, edited by Kenneth E. Hendrickson, Jr., and Michael L. Collins. Arlington Heights, IL: Harlan Davidson, 1993.

___. "Morris Sheppard of Texas: Southern Progressive and Prohibitionist." Ph.D. dissertation, Texas Christian University, 1980.

___. "Troubles in Texas: Senator Morris Sheppard of Texas, 1913-1919." Red River Valley Historical Review 7 (Summer 1982): 30-36.

Duke, Escal Franklin. "The Political Career of Morris Sheppard, 1875-1941." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1958.

Lemons, J. Stanley. "The Sheppard-Towner Act: Progressivism in the 1920s." Journal of American History 55 (March 1969): 776-86.

Sheppard, Morris. Fraternal and Other Addresses. Omaha: Beacon Press, 1910.

U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives and Senate of the United States, Together with Remarks Presented in Eulogy of Morris Sheppard, Late a Senator from Texas. 77th Cong., 1st sess., 1941-1942. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1943.

Welch, June Rayfield. "Sheppard Was the Father of National Prohibition." In The Texas Senator, pp. 116-19. Dallas: G.L.A. Press, 1978.

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