SAUNDERS, Romulus Mitchell

1791–1867

Biography

SAUNDERS, Romulus Mitchell, a Representative from North Carolina; born near Milton, Caswell (then Orange) County, N.C., March 3, 1791; attended the common schools and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1809-1811; studied law; was admitted to the bar in Nashville, Tenn., in 1812 and commenced practice in Milton, N.C.; member of the state house of commons in 1815, 1817, and 1819, and served two years as speaker; trustee of the University of North Carolina 1819-1864; moved to Raleigh, N.C., in 1823; elected as a Republican to the Seventeenth Congress, reelected as a Crawford Republican to the Eighteenth Congress, and elected as a Jacksonian to the Nineteenth Congress (March 4, 1821-March 3, 1827); declined to be a candidate for reelection; attorney general of the state 1828-1831; judge of the superior court 1835-1840; unsuccessful candidate for governor of North Carolina in 1840; elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-seventh and Twenty-eighth Congresses (March 4, 1841-March 3, 1845); chairman, Committee on the Judiciary (Twenty-eighth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for reelection; unsuccessful candidate for the United States Senate in 1842 and 1852; Minister to Spain 1846-1849; again a member of the state house of commons 1850-1852; judge of the superior court of North Carolina 1852-1856; member of the board of commissioners to revise the laws of North Carolina; died in Raleigh, N.C., April 21, 1867; interment in Old City Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Duke University
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: ca. 1833-1866, 64 items. The papers of Romulus Mitchell Saunders contain correspondence relating to negotiations for the purchase of Cuba, Romulus Saunders's quarrel with his secretary, Thomas Caute Reynolds, a few public questions, and family matters.
Papers: In the Planters' and Mechanics' Bank of South Carolina. Records, 1840-1841, 1 volume. Correspondents include Romulus M. Saunders.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Willie Person Mangum Papers, 1771-1906, approximately 5000 items. Correspondents include Romulus M. Saunders.

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: In the Cameron Family Papers, 1757-1978, 69 linear feet. Correspondents include Romulus M. Saunders.
Papers: In the Bartlett Yancey Papers, 1800-1828, 123 items. Correspondents include Romulus M. Saunders.

University of Virginia
The Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 1856, 1 item. A letter from William C. Rives to Albert L. Rives written on August 5, 1856. Subjects covered include Romulus Mitchell Saunders.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Saunders, Romulus Mitchell. An address of R. M. Saunders to the people of North Carolina. [Washington: N.p., 1843].

------. Speech of Mr. Saunders, on the proposition to amend the Constitution of the United States, respecting the election of President and Vice President. Delivered in the House of Representatives February 24, 1826. [Washington: N.p., 1826].

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