RUSSELL, Jonathan

1771–1832

Biography

RUSSELL, Jonathan, a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Providence, R.I., February 27, 1771; was graduated from Brown University (then Rhode Island College), Providence, R.I., in 1791; studied law; was admitted to the bar, but did not practice; engaged in mercantile pursuits; appointed by President Madison to the Diplomatic Service in France in 1811; transferred to England, where he was Chargé d'Affaires when war was declared against the United States in 1812; Minister to Norway and Sweden from January 18, 1814, to October 16, 1818; one of the five commissioners that negotiated the treaty of peace at Ghent with Great Britain in 1814; returned to the United States in 1818 and settled in Mendon, Mass.; writer and orator; member of the state house of representatives in 1820; elected as a Republican to the Seventeenth Congress (March 4, 1821-March 3, 1823); chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs (Seventeenth Congress); died in Milton, Norfolk County, Mass., February 17, 1832; interment in the family plot on his estate in Milton.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 9 items.

Brown University

Providence, RI
Papers: 1795-1832. 7,000 items. Correspondence, documents, ledger, and poetry, chiefly relating to his political and diplomatic activities. Listed in manuscript catalog.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1809-1828. 9 items.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 1799-1863. 4 boxes. Family letters, diaries, diplomatic correspondence, and material relating to state and national politics.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: August 7, 1813; 1814-1818; November 4, 1828. Personal and official correspondence and a newspaper clipping. Finding aid in repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Russell, Jonathan. Address delivered before the Worcester Agricultural Society, September 27, 1821. Worcester [Mass.]: Printed by Manning and Trumbull, 1821.

------. An oration pronounced July 4, 1800 in the Baptist meeting-house in Providence: It being the anniversary of American independence. Rhode-Island: Providence printed, Warren, re-printed and sold by Nathaniel Phillips, 1800. Reprint, Watertown, N.Y.: Printed by W. Woodward, 1830.

------. To the freemen of Rhode-Island, etc. [Providence?: N.p., 1800].

------. A tribute to the memory of Nathan Hayward, a junior sophister in Rhode-Island College, who died September 25, 1789, aetat. 19: Pronounced in the College-Hall, March 10, 1790 / by Jonathan Russell, class-mate of the deceased. Providence: Bennett Wheeler, 1790.

------. The whole truth. [Boston: N.p., 1808]. Reprint, [New York: Printed at the Office of the Public Advertiser, 1809].

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