QUINCY, Josiah

1772–1864

Biography

QUINCY, Josiah, a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Boston, Mass., February 4, 1772; attended Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., and was graduated from Harvard University in 1790; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1793 and commenced the practice of his profession in Boston; unsuccessful candidate for election to the Seventh and Eighth Congresses, served in the State senate in 1804 and 1805; elected as a Federalist to the Ninth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1805-March 3, 1813); was not a candidate for renomination in 1812 to the Thirteenth Congress; again served in the State senate 1813-1820; member of the State house of representatives in 1821 and 1822, serving the last year as speaker; delegate to the Massachusetts State Constitutional convention in 1820; judge of the Boston municipal court in 1822; mayor of Boston 1823-1829; president of Harvard University from 1829 to 1845; died in Quincy, Norfolk County, Mass., on July 1, 1864; interment in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Middlesex County, Mass.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1796-1875. 112 letters. Letters to him, by him, and regarding him, focusing on Library concerns, Harvard Law School, etc. Finding aid in repository. Partially restricted.

Brooklyn Historical Society

Brooklyn, NY
Papers: Acknowledgment of gift to Harvard (February 6, 1843) and letter (March 7, 1848). Finding aid in repository.

Harvard University Archives

Cambridge, MA
Papers: 1811-1869. 23 volumes. Correspondence and official documents as president of Harvard.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1806-1862. 11 items.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: In Quincy family papers, 1639-1930. 36 feet. Unpublished guide in library. Restricted.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1807-1863. 15 items.

Stanford University

Stanford, CA
Papers: 1805-1806. 7 letters to Quincy in the Fisher Ames papers, 1794-1916. 102 items.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Blodgett, Geoffrey T. "Josiah Quincy, Brahmin Democrat." New England Quarterly 38 (December 1965): 435-53.

Hewlett, Richard G. "Josiah Quincy: Reform Mayor of Boston." New England Quarterly 24 (June 1951): 179-96.

McCaughey, Robert A. Josiah Quincy, 1772-1864, the Last Federalist. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974.

Nash, George H. "From Radicalism to Revolution: The Political Career of Josiah Quincy, Jr." Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society 79 (1969): 253-90.

Quincy, Edmund. Life of Josiah Quincy of Massachusetts. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1867.

Quincy, Josiah. Memoir of the Life of Josiah Quincy. New York: Da Capo Press, 1971.

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