PICKENS, Israel, a Representative from North Carolina and a Senator from Alabama; born near Concord, Mecklenburg (now Cabarrus) County, N.C., January 30, 1780; moved to Burke County, N.C.; received instruction from private teachers and graduated from Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pa., in 1802; studied law; admitted to the bar and practiced; member, North Carolina State senate 1808-1809; elected as a Republican from North Carolina to the Twelfth, Thirteenth, and Fourteenth Congresses (March 4, 1811-March 3, 1817); register of the land office of Mississippi Territory (which included the present State of Alabama) 1817-1821; Governor of Alabama 1821-1825; appointed to the United States Senate from Alabama to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Henry Chambers and served from February 17, 1826, to November 27, 1826, when a successor was elected; was not a candidate for election to the vacancy; declined an appointment as judge of the United States Court for the District of Alabama in 1826; died near Matanzas, Cuba, on April 24, 1827; interment in the family cemetery near Greensboro, Hale County, Ala.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Alabama Department of Archives and History

Montgomery, AL
Papers: 1821-1825. .5 foot and 2 letterbooks. Gubernatorial papers including correspondence, reward files, administrative files, records relating to financial controversy between Mississippi and Alabama territories and states (1816-1830), appointments files, and messages to general assembly.
Additional Papers: Personal (1814-1827), political (1806-1825), and financial (1809-1840) papers, and speeches (1813, 1815, 1820, no date) in Pickens family papers, 1799-1855; correspondence in Walker family papers, 1798-1833; and John Coffee papers, 1796-1887.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Knox County Public Library
McClung Historical Collection

Knoxville, TN
Papers: Correspondence in William Ballard Lenoir papers, 1798-1882.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1812, 1825. 2 letters.

University of Alabama
W.S. Hoole Special Collections

Tuscaloosa, AL
Papers: 1823-1825. 3 items.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: Ca. 65 items (1812-1827) in several collections.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bailey, Hugh C. "Israel Pickens, People's Politician." Alabama Review 17 (April 1964): 83-101.

Watson, Elbert L. "Israel Pickens." In Alabama United States Senators, pp. 27-29. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1982.

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