PICKENS, Andrew

1739–1817

Biography

PICKENS, Andrew, (grandfather of Francis Wilkinson Pickens), a Representative from South Carolina; born in Paxton, Bucks County, Pa., September 13, 1739; attended the common schools; moved with his parents to the Waxhaw settlement in South Carolina in 1752; served in the provincial militia in the campaign against the Cherokee Indians in 1760; entered the Revolutionary Army as captain of militia and attained the rank of brigadier general; commanded an expedition against the Cherokee Indians in 1782; member of the state house of representatives 1781-1794; one of the commissioners named to settle the boundary line between South Carolina and Georgia in 1787; member of the state constitutional convention in 1790; elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Third Congress (March 4, 1793-March 3, 1795); appointed major general of militia in 1795; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1797; member of the state house of representatives 1800-1812; declined the nomination for governor in 1812; died in Tomassee, Pendleton District, S.C., August 11, 1817; interment in Old Stone Churchyard, near Pendleton, S.C.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Charleston Library Society

Charleston, SC
Papers: 1782-1804. 40 items. Correspondence, accounts, and legal papers relating to politics, Indian lands, and ratification of the Constitution. Also on microfiche; original microfiche edition held by South Carolina Historical Society.

Clemson University

Clemson, SC
Papers: 1756-1845. 129 items. Chiefly photocopies of originals in other repositories. Correspondence, Indian treaties, and family papers. Unpublished finding aids in repository.

Huntington Library

San Marino, CA
Papers: 1785-1835. 51 items. Chiefly concerning Indian affairs. Summary report and catalog cards in library.

University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library

Columbia, SC
Papers: 1780-1811, 1880, 1925. 24 items and 1 volume. In Pickens family papers, 1781-1929. 284 items. Concern Revolutionary War and Indian affairs. Finding aid in repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bodie, Idella. The Wizard Owl . Orangeburg, S.C.: Sandlapper, 2003.

Busha, Charles H. Andrew Pickens, 1739-1817: American Patriot on the Carolina Frontier. Pickens, S.C.: Pickens County Historical Society, 1982.

Pickens, Andrew Lee. Skyagunsta, the Border Wizard Owl, Major-General Andrew Pickens (1739-1817). Greenville, S.C.: Observer Printing Co. 1934.

------. The Wizard Owl of the Southern Highlands, a Life of General Pickens of the Revolution thru the Battle of Cowpens. Greenville, S.C.: Observer Printing Company, 1933.

Waring, Alice Noble. The Fighting Elder: Andrew Pickens, 1739-1817. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1962.

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