NILES, Nathaniel

1741–1828

Biography

NILES, Nathaniel, a Representative from Vermont; born in South Kingston, R.I., April 3, 1741; attended Harvard College and was graduated from Princeton College in 1766; studied law and medicine; taught in New York City; studied theology and preached in Norwich and Torrington, Conn.; invented a process for making wire and erected mills in Norwich; after the Revolution moved to West Fairlee, Orange County, Vt.; member of the state house of representatives in 1784 and served as speaker; judge of the supreme court 1784-1788; member of the council in 1785 and 1787; delegate to the state constitutional convention of 1791; upon the admission of Vermont as a state into the Union was elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Second and Third Congresses and served from October 17, 1791, to March 3, 1795; again a member of the state house of representatives 1800-1803 and 1812-1815; member of the governor's council 1803-1809; presidential elector on the Jefferson ticket in 1804 and on the Madison ticket in 1813; delegate to the state constitutional convention of 1814; died in Fairlee, Vt., October 31, 1828; interment in West Fairlee Center Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Dartmouth College
Rauner Special Collections Library

Hanover, NH
Papers: 1779-1834, 16 pieces. The letters of Nathaniel Niles include a letter to a son on latter's decision to study for the ministry (at Dartmouth College?); letter from John Dane of Maine, fragments of essays or lectures; legal papers and accounts; deeds.
Papers: 1881-1885, 3 items. The letters of Nathaniel Niles include a letter to Niles from Professor Edward North of Hamilton College and letter to Niles' cousin W.H. Niles from S.N.D. North, recording secretary of the Oneida Historical Society, concerning Niles' appearance before the society to present a paper on Samson Occom. Letter to Niles from M.C. Tyler requesting a manuscript of Nathaniel Niles' The American hero.
Papers: In the Records of the administration of Francis Brown, 1815-1820, 3 boxes. Correspondents include Nathaniel Niles.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: August 3, 1788; December 2, 1794; January 4, 1833. 3 letters. Finding aid in repository.

Vermont Historical Society

Montpelier, VT
Papers: 1790-1834. 1 inch. Personal and business papers and correspondence. Finding aid in repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Niles, Nathaniel. The American Hero: A Sapphick Ode. [Boston]: Associates of the Boston Public Library, 1975.

------. The Perfection of God, the Fountain of Good. Norwich: Printed by Green & Spooner, 1778.

------. Two Discourses on Liberty: Delivered at the North Church, in Newbury-port, on Lord's-Day, June 5th, 1774, and Published at the General Desire of the Hearers. Newbury-Port, [Mass.]: Printed by I. Thomas and H.W. Tinges, 1774.

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