NEWLANDS, Francis Griffith

NEWLANDS, Francis Griffith
Library of Congress
1846–1917

Biography

NEWLANDS, Francis Griffith, (son–in–law of William Sharon), a Representative and a Senator from Nevada; born in Natchez, Adams County, Miss., August 28, 1846; moved to Missouri and later Illinois with his parents, who settled in Quincy, Illinois; privately tutored; as a young adult moved to Washington, D.C. with widowed mother; attended Yale College and the Columbian College Law School (now George Washington University), Washington, D.C.; admitted to the bar in 1869; moved to San Francisco in 1870 and practiced law; moved to Nevada in 1888 and continued the practice of law; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-third and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1893-March 3, 1903); did not seek renomination in 1902, having become a candidate for Senator; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1902; reelected in 1908 and again in 1914 and served from March 4, 1903, until his death; chairman, Committee on Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia (Sixty-second Congress), Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Sixty-second Congress), Committee on Interstate Commerce (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses); died in Washington, D.C., December 24, 1917; interment in Oak Hill Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Nevada Historical Society

Reno, NV
Papers: 1884-1916. 2 feet. Chiefly speeches, correspondence, and other papers relating to the silver question, Nevada politics, national defense, 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition, and national political issues. Correspondents include J.N. Gillett, George H. Maxwell, and F.F. Runyon.
Additional Papers: Correspondence (1891-1902) on 4 microfilm reels of originals at Yale University; in William Morris Stewart papers, 1866-1909; and miscellaneous items in other collections.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: Biographical information in Barland-Newlands family papers, 1825-1948. Available on 4 microfilm reels.

University of California, Berkeley
Bancroft Library

Berkeley, CA
Papers: Business papers concerning Newlands' position as trustee of the Sharon Estate Company in Sharon family papers, ca. 1882-1915. Finding aid.

University of Nevada
Special Collections

Reno, NV
Papers: In Sharon Estate Company records, 1906.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: 1869-1936 (bulk 1899-1917). 31 linear feet. Correspondence, speeches, reports, annotated bills, and scrapbooks. Topics include Nevada Democratic and Silver party politics and Newlands' legislative programs on transportation, interstate commerce, irrigation, flood control, land reclamation, currency and silver, conservation, and tariffs. Scrapbooks (1887-1918) are available on 15 microfilm reels. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: In Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Atwood, Albert William. Francis G. Newlands, A Builder of the Nation. Washington: n.p., 1969.

Carnell, Richard S. "Francis G. Newlands and the National Incorporation of the Railroads." Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 19 (Spring 1976): 3-25.

Darling, Arthur B., ed. The Public Papers of Francis G. Newlands. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1932.

Lilley, William, III. "The Early Career of Francis G. Newlands, 1848-1897." Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University, 1965.

Rowley, William D. "Farewell to the Rotten Borough: Francis G. Newlands in Nevada." Halcyon 17 (1995).

___. "Francis G. Newlands and the Promises of American Life." Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 32 (Fall 1989): 169-80.

___. "Francis G. Newlands: A Westerner's Search for a Progressive and White America." Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 17 (Summer 1974): 69-79.

___. Reclaiming the Arid West: The Career of Francis G. Newlands. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Progressive." Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 15 (Summer 1972): 25-34.

U.S. Congress. Francis Griffith Newlands (Late a Senator from Nevada). 65th Cong., 2d sess., 1917-1918. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1920.

Webber, David J. Outstanding Environmentalists of Congress. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Capitol Historical Society, 2002.

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