KING, Preston

KING, Preston
Library of Congress
1806–1865

Biography

KING, Preston, a Representative and a Senator from New York; born in Ogdensburg, N.Y., October 14, 1806; pursued classical studies and graduated from Union College in 1827; studied law; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in St. Lawrence County, N.Y.; established the St. Lawrence Republican in 1830; postmaster of Ogdensburg 1831-1834; member, State assembly 1835-1838; elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Congresses (March 4, 1843-March 3, 1847); was not a candidate for reelection in 1846; chairman, Committee on Invalid Pensions (Twenty-ninth Congress); elected as a Free Soiler to the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1853); elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1856 and served from March 4, 1857, to March 3, 1863; did not seek reelection; chairman, Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Thirty-seventh Congress); resumed the practice of law; presidential elector on the Republican ticket in 1864; appointed collector of the port of New York 1865; committed suicide by leaping from a ferryboat in New York Harbor, N.Y., on November 12, 1865; interment in the City Cemetery, Ogdensburg, N.Y.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Albany Institute of History and Art

Albany, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Ranson Cook papers, 1842-1871, concerning operation of Dannemora prison.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 4 letters.

Brown University

Providence, RI
Papers: 1 letter (January 6, 1863) to Abraham Lincoln; and in Mary Rivers Allen collection of letters and autographs, 1846-1881.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1 official letter (November 13, 1847) in the John Adams Dix collection; and 34 letters (1840-1860) in the Arariah C. Flagg collection (available on microfilm). Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1836, 1860. 2 items.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1828-1865. 25 items.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections

Albany, NY
Papers: 1835-1865. 6 letters.

Ogdensburg Public Library

Ogdensburg, NY
Papers: 1850-1865. 75 items. Chiefly letters from King to John Bigelow concerning political issues such as appointments, candidates, legislation, party conventions, proposed canal on the St. Lawrence, slavery, impact of Civil War on Washington, and progress of the war.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1857-1864. 5 items.

St. Lawrence County Historical Association

Canton, NY
Papers: Typescripts of letters (1861-1864) from King regarding Republican politics in Parker family papers, 1814-1979.

St. Lawrence University
Special Collections

Canton, NY
Papers: 1829-1865. 3 linear feet and 1 reel of microfilm. Microfilm copies of letters from King to Seward in University of Rochester Library. Business and personal correspondence (1834-1865) discussing politics, campaigns, appointments, financial matters, property, North-South conflicts, and other issues; letters to Simeon Smith (1845-1865); personal and business receipts (1829-1865); legal papers (1833-1865); transcripts of letters to William H. Seward (1858) and to Simeon Smith (1861-1863); ledgers (1830-1843); affidavits concerning King's participation in Battle of the Windmill; and miscellaneous clippings, political materials, and biographical materials. Battle of Windmill papers are restricted.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library

Syracuse, NY
Papers: 8 letters (1858-1865) in the Garrit Smith papers.

Union College
Schaffer Library

Schenectady, NY
Papers: 8 letters (1858-1863) in Bigelow collection and College letter file. Finding aid.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library

Rochester, NY
Papers: 80 letters (1856-1865) in various collections. Finding aid.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Muller, Ernest Paul. "Preston King: A Political Biography." Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1957.

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