JULIAN, George Washington

JULIAN, George Washington
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1817–1899

Biography

JULIAN, George Washington, a Representative from Indiana; born near Centerville, Wayne County, Ind., on May 5, 1817; attended the common schools; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1840 and commenced practice in Greenfield, Ind.; member of the State house of representatives in 1845; delegate to the Buffalo Free-Soil Convention in 1848; elected as a Free-Soiler to the Thirty-first Congress (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1851); unsuccessful candidate for election in 1850 to the Thirty-second Congress; unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States on the Free-Soil ticket in 1852; delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1856; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1861-March 3, 1871); chairman, Committee on Public Lands (Thirty-eighth through Forty-first Congresses), Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Navy (Thirty-ninth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States as a Liberal Republican in 1872; appointed by President Cleveland surveyor general of New Mexico and served from July 1885 until September 1889; returned to Indiana and settled in Irvington; engaged in literary pursuits; died in Irvington, a suburb of Indianapolis, Ind., July 7, 1899; interment in Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Ind.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Indiana Historical Society

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1789-1902, 2.25 linear feet. The papers of George Washington Julian contain correspondence (1864-1884) with his wife, Laura (Giddings) Julian, written while he was serving in U.S. House of Representatives (1861-1871), working as a lawyer in Washington, D.C. (1879-1884), and while on speaking tours; family correspondence (1857-1884) of Laura Giddings Julian, including letters from her father, Joshua R. Giddings, written while he was serving in Congress and as U.S. consul general to Canada in Montréal (1861-1864), and correspondence with her sister in Washington, Montréal, and Ohio; other Julian family correspondence, including George Washington Julian's correspondence with his brothers in Centerville, Ind. (1838-1839), and Iowa (1840s), and with his daughter, Grace Julian Clarke (1870s-1890s); correspondence regarding Indiana and national politics, women's rights, George Washington Julian's legal work in Indiana and Washington, and his speeches and writings; copies of his correspondence (1895-1898) with Edward L. Pierce regarding their biographies of Joshua Giddings and Charles Sumner; journals (1869-1899); memoranda books (1850-1858, 1868); ms. of his book, Political Recollections (1884); journal of the family's trip (1885) to New Mexico, written by his daughter; speeches and speech notes; scrapbook of clippings on Zachary Taylor and the 1848 presidential election; and other papers; together with account book (1877-1878) of an Irvington, Ind., grocery store and meat market.
Papers: In the Albert G. Porter (Albert Gallatin) Collection of Papers, 1759-1942, 6 boxes. Other authors include George Washington Julian. A finding aid is available in the repository.

City Museum of Washington, D.C.
Historical Society of Washington, D.C.

Washington, DC
Papers: 1866, 1 item. A rendition by David Davidson of Hon. George Julian's speech on suffrage in the District of Columbia made to the U.S. House of Representatives on January 16, 1866.

Indiana State Library

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1789-1902, 5 boxes, 2 oversized folders, 8 volumes. Collection primarily contains correspondence between Julian and wife and children while he served in Congress, worked as an attorney in Washington, DC, and went on speaking tours.
Papers: In the Isaac W. Beeson Papers, 1816-1942, 11 boxes and 3 volumes. Subjects include George Washington Julian. A finding aid is available in the library and online.
Papers: In the Grace Julian Clarke Papers, 1857-1938, 3 boxes. The papers include Grace Julian Clarke's correspondence with historians in Indiana and Ohio and at the Library of Congress regarding the papers of her father, George Washington Julian.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Joshua R. Giddings and George Washington Julian Papers, 1839-1899, 1.8 linear feet. The papers of George Washington Julian contain correspondence that reflects his involvement with the Free Soil Party, the formation of the Republican Party in Indiana, antislavery movements, and Reconstruction. A finding aid is available in the library.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1871, 1 item. A letter from George Washington Julian to W. W. Belknap written on April 3, 1871. In the letter, George Washington Julian writes about contracts for military supplies in California and recommends Mr. Louis Goldstone.

University of California
The Bancroft Library

Berkeley, CA
Papers: 1883-1886, 3 folders. Lists of private land claims by George Washington Julian acted upon by the U.S. Surveyor General : New Mexico District, 1883-1886.

Yale University Library
Microform Reference

New Haven, CT
Microfilm: 1865-1878, 1 microfilm reel. The George Washington Julian papers consist of a diary covering the period June 13, 1869-March 17, 1878 and correspondence January 5, 1865-October 26, 1870. The two major correspondents are George Washington Julian, radical Republican congressman from Indiana, and his second wife, Laura Giddings Julian. Congressional politics during the Civil War and Reconstruction eras and personal matters are the major subjects discussed. The original papers are at Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, Indiana.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Clarke, Grace Giddings Julian. George W. Julian. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Commission,1923.

Engstrom, Mabel Marie. George Washington Julian. Chicago, Ill.: N.p., 1929.

Julian, George Washington. The cause and cure of our national troubles. Speech of Hon. Geo. W. Julian, of Indiana, delivered in the House of Representatives, Tuesday, January 14, 1862. Washington, D.C.: Scammell & Co., printers, 1862.

------. Dangers and duties. Reconstruction and suffrage. Speech of Hon. George W. Julian, delivered in the hall of the House of Representatives, Indianapolis, Ind., November 17, 1865, in response to an invitation from that body. Cincinnati: Gazette Steam Print, 1865.

------. Homesteads for soldiers on the lands of Rebels. [Washington: L. Towers & Co., printers, 1864].

------. Later speeches on political questions, with select controversial papers. Edited by his daughter, Grace Julian Clarke. Indianapolis: Carlon & Hollenbeck, 1889.

------. The life of Joshua R. Giddings. Chicago: A.C. McClurg and Co., 1892.

------. Our land policy--its evils and their remedy. Speech of Hon. George W. Julian, of Indiana, in the House of Representatives, March 6, 1868: The House having under consideration bill no. 370, to prevent the further sale of the public lands of the United States, except as provided for in the preemption and homestead laws, and the laws for the disposal of town sites and mineral lands. Washington: Printed at the Office of the Great Republic, 1868.

------. Political Recollections, 1840 to 1872. 1884. Reprint, New York: Negro Universities Press, 1970.

------. Radicalism and conservation--the truth of history vindicated. [Washington?: N.p., 1865].

------. Radicalism, the nation's hope: Speech of Hon. George W. Julian of Indiana, delivered in the House of Representatives, June 16, 1866. [Washington: Congressional Globe Office, 1866].

------. The rank of Charles Osborn as an anti-slavery pioneer. Indianapolis: The Bowen-Merrill Company, 1891.

------. The rebellion--the mistakes of the past--the duty of the present. [Washington: N.p., 1863].

------. Regeneration before reconstruction. Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1867.

------. The rights of pre-emptors on the public lands of the government threatened--the conspiracy exposed. [Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1866].

------. Sale of mineral lands. [Washington: Printed by L. Towers, 1865].

------. Select speeches of Hon. Geo. W. Julian, of Indiana, delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, since the beginning of the late rebellion. Cincinnati: Gazette Steam Book and Job Printing, 1867.

------. Speech of Hon. G.W. Julian of Indiana on amending the Constitution: Delivered in the House of Representatives, January 29, 1866. [Washington: Congressional Globe Office, 1866].

------. Speech of Hon. George W. Julian, of Indiana, on the punishment of rebel leaders: Delivered in the House of Representatives, April 30, 1866. Washington, D.C.: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1866.

------. Speech of Hon. George W. Julian, of Indiana, on the slavery question, delivered in the House of Representatives, May 14, 1850. Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1850.

------. Speeches on political questions. With an introduction. by L. Maria Child. Westport, Conn.: Negro Universities Press, [1970].

------. Suffrage in the District of Columbia. [Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1866].

Meredith, Solomon. Defense of General Sol. Meredith against the false charges and infamous slanders of George W. Julian. [Indianapolis: Douglass & Conner, 1866].

Riddleberger, Patrick W. George Washington Julian, Radical Republican. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Bureau, 1966.

Stewart, James Brewer. Joshua R. Giddings and the Tactics of Radical Politics. Cleveland: Press of Case Western Reserve University, 1970.

Williams, R. Hal. "George W. Julian and Land Reform in New Mexico, 1885-1889." Agricultural History 41 (January 1967): 71-84.

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