GROSS, Harold Royce

1899–1987

Biography

GROSS, Harold Royce, a Representative from Iowa; born in Arispe, Union County, Iowa, June 30, 1899; educated in the rural schools; served with the First Iowa Field Artillery in the Mexican border campaign in 1916; during the First World War served in the United States Army, with overseas service, 1917-1919; attended Iowa State College and the University of Missouri School of Journalism at Columbia; newspaper reporter and editor for various newspapers 1921-1935; radio news commentator 1935-1948; delegate, Republican National Convention, 1968; elected as a Republican to the Eighty-first and to the twelve succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1949-January 3, 1975); was not a candidate for reelection in 1974 to the Ninety-fourth Congress; was a resident of Arlington, Va., until his death in Washington, D.C., on September 22, 1987; interment in Arlington National Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Herbert Hoover Library

West Branch, IA
Papers: ca. 1949-1977. 169 feet. Correspondence, reports, memoranda, and other historical materials documenting his service on House Foreign Affairs and Post Office and Civil Service Committees; legislative, subject, personal, and campaign files; and selected constituent correspondence. Unprocessed. Restricted.
Oral History: April 23, 1979. ca. 14 pages. Subjects covered include his role in the Farmers Union and Farm Holiday movements; Commodity Credit Corporation and radio broadcasting. Restricted.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department

Iowa City, IA
Papers: 1970, 1 item. A letter from H.R. Gross to Paul Engle written on July 13, 1970. In the letter, Gross declines an invitation to a dinner in Iowa City.
Papers: 1974, 1 item. A letter from H.R. Gross to Mrs. Fairall written on January 30, 1974. In the letter, Gross thanks her for the letter concerning his retirement.
Papers: 1974, 1 item. A Christmas greeting from H.R. Gross to Mrs. Fairall written on December 19, 1974. On the back of the card, there is a note by Gazel Gross, thanking Mrs. Fairall for her supportive letter which helped during a difficult time.
Papers: In the Robert K. Goodwin Papers, 1866-1983, 1 linear foot. Correspondents include H.R. Gross.
Papers: In the Karl M. LeCompte Papers, 1939-1972, 10.5 linear feet. Correspondents include H.R. Gross.
Papers: In the Vernon R. Martin Papers, 1950-1973, 1 linear foot. Correspondents include H.R. Gross.
Papers: In the Wiley Mayne Papers, 1966-1974, 116 linear feet. Persons represented include H.R. Gross.
Papers: In the Paul G. Norris Papers, 1948-1980, 3 linear feet. Correspondents include H.R. Gross.
Papers: In the Daniel Webster Turner Papers, 1898-1969, 2.5 linear feet. Correspondents include H.R. Gross.
Papers: In the Records of the Iowa Library Association, 1890-1996, 33.5 linear feet. Correspondents include H.R. Gross.
Papers: In the Fred Schwenge Papers, 1940-1972, 324 linear feet. Correspondents include H.R. Gross.
Papers: In the B.H. Shearer Papers, 1901-1969, 4 linear feet. Correspondents include H.R. Gross.
Papers: In the Charles E. Strickland Papers, 1937-1972, 756 items. Correspondents include H.R. Gross.
Papers: In the Harold E. Wolfe Papers, 1929-1970, 2 linear feet. Correspondents include H.R. Gross.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Butler, James Leon. "A Study of H.R. Gross and How He Gets Elected to Congress." Master's thesis, Iowa State University, 1956.

Ralph Nader Congress Project. Citizens Look at Congress: H. R. Gross, Republican Representative from Iowa. Washington, D. C.: Grossman Publishers, 1972.

Schweider, David W., and Dorothy Schweider, "The Power of Prickliness: Iowa's H. R. Gross in the U. S. House of Representatives," Annals of Iowa 65 (Fall 2006): 329-68.

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